Skip to main content
Log in

Corporate lobbying and criminalisation

  • Published:
Crime, Law and Social Change Aims and scope Submit manuscript

This is a preview of subscription content, log in via an institution to check access.

Access this article

Price excludes VAT (USA)
Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout.

Instant access to the full article PDF.


  1. Available at

  2. A right of petition (derecho de petición), the fundamental right established in article 23 of the Colombian Constitution, grants everyone the right to receive a swift answer when requesting public documents from the Colombian authorities.


  4. The Andean Community, officially known as the Andean Parliament was created through the Parliament Constitutive Treaty of 1979. In 1996, the Cartagena Treaty gave it supranational functions as a body for political control in the Andean Integration System. Members of this Community are Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru and Chile.

  5. Decree 533 of 1994 of the Ministry of Agriculture.

  6. In 2012, through law 1518 Colombia also attempted to subscribe to the UPOV-91 Convention. However, this law was declared unconstitutional due to the lack of prior consultation with Colombian ethnic communities.

  7. By means of Decree 1562 of 1962.

  8. Sorghum, rice, cassava, barley, potato, cotton, oats, soy, corn, beans, peanuts, sesame, wheat and pea.

  9. The Ministry of Health also played an important role in the negotiations. However, because it didn’t directly influence the matter studied here, I do not examine it here.

  10. Indicators of the lobbying power of multinationals in the US can be found in the webpage of the research group Center for Responsive Politics,

  11. The debate of the other three offences took 32% of the sessions, and the remaining 59% was used for formal proceedings.

  12. These figures are arrived at by quantifying information in the gazettes, through the use of atlas.ti.


  1. Maskus, K. E., & Reichman, J. H. (2004). The globalization of private knowledge goods and the privatization of global public goods. Journal of International Economic Law, 7(2), 279–320.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  2. May, C., & Sell, S. (2006). Intellectual property rights: A critical history. Boulder, CO and London: Lynne Rienner Publishers.

    Google Scholar 

  3. Corte Constitucional de Colombia. (1996, June 13). Court ruling C-262/96. [Judge Rapporteur Eduardo Cifuentes Muñoz]

  4. Agozino, B. (2003). Counter-colonial criminology: A citique of imperialist reason. London: Pluto Press.

    Google Scholar 

  5. Agozino, B. (2004). Imperialism, crime and criminology: Towards the decolonisation of criminology. Crime, Law and Social Change, 41, 343–358.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  6. Cunneen, C. (2011). Postcolonial perspectives for criminology. In M. Bosworth & C. Hoyle (Eds.), What is criminology (pp. 249–266). Oxford: Oxford University Press.

    Chapter  Google Scholar 

  7. Brisman, A., & South, N. (2013). Introduction: Horizons, issues and relationships in green criminology. In N. South & A. Brisman (Eds.), Routledge international handbook of green criminology (pp. 1–24). New York: Routledge.

    Google Scholar 

  8. Garland, D. (2006). Castigo y sociedad moderna, un estudio de teoría social [punishment an modern society. A study of social theory] (B. R. D. l. Concha, trans. Segunda ed.). México D.F.: Siglo XXI editores.

  9. Baratta, A. (2002). Criminología crítica y crítica del derecho penal, introducción a la sociología jurídico-penal [Critical criminology and a critique to penal law, introduction to the sociology of penal law] (Á. Búnster, Trans. Buenos Aires: Siglo veintiuno editores.

    Google Scholar 

  10. Morrison, W. (2006). Criminology, civilisation and the new world order. New York: Routledge.

    Google Scholar 

  11. Aas, K. F. (2007). Globalization and crime. London: Sage Publications.

    Google Scholar 

  12. Andreas, P., & Nadelmann, E. (2006). Policing the globe: Criminalization and crime control in international relations. New York: Oxford University Press.

    Google Scholar 

  13. Jakobi, A. P. (2013). Common goods and evils? The formation of global crime governance. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

    Book  Google Scholar 

  14. Lemaitre, J., & Sandvik, K. B. (2015). Shifting frames, vanishing resources, and dangerous political opportunities: Legal mobilization among displaced women in Colombia. Law & Society Review, 49(1), 5–38.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  15. López Hernández, C. (2010). “La Refundación de la patria”, de la teoría a la evidencia [“the refundation of the nation, from theory to evidence]. In C. López Hernández (Ed.), Y refundarion la patria Ŀ… De cómo mafiosos y políticos reconfiguraron el Estado Colombiano. Bogotá: Corporación Nuevo Arcoiris.

  16. Valencia, L. (2007). Los caminos de la alianza entre los paramilitares y los políticos [the roads of the alliance between paramilitaries and politicians]. In M. Romero (Ed.), Parapolítica: La ruta de la expansión paramilitar y los acuerdos políticos (pp. 11–58). Bogotá: Corporación Nuevo Arcoiris.

    Google Scholar 

  17. Acemoglu, D., Robinson, J., & Santos, R. (2009). The monopoly of violence: Evidence from Colombia. NBER working paper no. 15578.

  18. Agulera Peña, M. (2014). Contrapoder y justicia guerrillera. Fragmentación política y orden insurgente en Colombia [counter power and guerilla justice. Political fragmentation and insurgent order in Colombia]. Bogotá: IEPRI, penguin Random House.

  19. Borrero García, C. (2014). Derechos multiculturales (étnicos) en Colombia. Una dogmática ambivalente [Multicultural (ethnical) rights in Colombia: an ambibalent domatic]. Bogotá: Universidad Nacional de Colombia.

  20. Lohne, K. (2015). Advocates of humanity: Human rights NGOs in international criminal justice. (Unpublished doctoral dissertation). University of Oslo, Oslo.

  21. Arfuch, L. (2010). La entrevista, una invención dialógica [The interview, a dialogic invention] (Vol. 34, 2nd ed.). Buenos Aires: Paidós.

    Google Scholar 

  22. Strauss, A., & Corbin, J. (1994). Grounded theory methodology. In I. N. K. Denzin & Y. S. Lincoln (Eds.), Handbook of Qualitative Research (pp. 273–285). Thousand Oaks: Sage Publications.

    Google Scholar 

  23. Strauss, A., & Corbin, J. (2012). Bases de la investigación cualitativa [Bases of qualitative research] (E. Zimmerman, Trans. Medellín: Editorial Universidad de Antioquia.

    Google Scholar 

  24. Jamieson, R., South, N., & Taylor, I. (1998b). Economic liberalization and cross-border crime: The north American free trade area and Canada’s border with the U.S.A. Part I International Journal of the Sociology of Law, 26, 245–272.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  25. Park, C.-U. (2015). Institutional embeddedness of market integration: The formation of free trade agreements in 1957–2008. International Sociology, 30(1), 39–60.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  26. Richardson, M., & Stähler, F. (2014). Fair trade. Economic Record, 291, 447–461.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  27. Child, C. (2015). Mainstreaming and its discontents: Fair trade, socially responsible investing, and industry trajectories. Journal of Bussiness. Ethics, 1130, 601–618.

    Google Scholar 

  28. Dragusanu, R., Giovannucci, D., & Nunn, N. (2014). The economics of fair trade. The Journal of Economic Perspectives, 28(3), 217–236.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  29. Viilup, E. (2016). The role of the World Bank in international trade policy. Retrieved from

  30. Cano, C. G. (2006). Después del TLC ¿Qué? Bogotá: Intermedio, Corporación Colombia Internacional, Portafolio.

  31. Baldwin, R., & Jaimovich, D. (2012). Are free trade agreements contagious? Journal of International Economics, 88, 1–16.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  32. Aggarwal, V. K. (2013). U.S. free trade agreements and linkages. International Negotiation, 18, 89–110.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  33. del Olmo, R. (1987). Aerobiology and the war on drugs: A transnational crime. Crime and Social Justice, 30, 28–44.

    Google Scholar 

  34. Townsend, M. (2002). Blair urges crackdown on third world profiteering. The Guardian. Retrieved from

  35. Walters, R. (2006). Crime, bio-agriculture and the exploitation of hunger. British Journal of Criminology, 46(1), 26–45.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  36. Toke, D. (2004). The politics of GM foods: A comparative study of the UK, USA and EU. London: Routledge.

    Google Scholar 

  37. Jamieson, R., South, N., & Taylor, I. (1998a). Economic liberalization and cross-border crime: The north American free trade area and Canada’s border with the U.S.A. part II. International Journal of the Sociology of Law, 26, 285–319.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  38. Karliner, J. (1998). Earth predators. Dollars & Sense, 218, 7.

    Google Scholar 

  39. Uharte Pozas, L. M. (2015). Iberdrola en Brasil: impactos múltiples de una multinacional eléctrica [Iberdrola in Brazil: multiple impacts of an electric multinational]. Revista de Paz y Conflictos, 8(1), 41–62.

    Google Scholar 

  40. Cheng, H. (2012). Cheap capitalism: A sociological study of food crime in China. British Journal of Criminology, 52, 254–273.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  41. Mackenzie, S., & Green, P. (2008). Performative regulation: A case study in how powerful people avoid criminal labels. British Journal of Criminology, 48, 138–153.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  42. Cohen, S. (2011). Folk devils and moral panics: The creation of the Monds and rockers. Oxford: Routledge.

    Google Scholar 

  43. Larrauri, E. (2006). Populismo punitivo y como resistirlo [penal populism and how to resist it]. Jueces para la democracia, 8 (22), 15–22

  44. Mathiesen, T. (2003). Juicio a la prisión [Prison on trial] M. Coriolano & A. Zamuner, Trans (1st ed.). Buenos Aires: Ediar.

    Google Scholar 

  45. Corte Constitucional de Colombia. (1995, February 9) Court ruling C-038/95. [Judge Rapporteur Alejandro Martínez Caballero].

  46. Martínez Sánchez, M. (2009). La Constitucionalización de la Justicia y la Autonomía Judicial: La tutela contra providencias judiciales en Colombia y España [The constitutionalization of justice and judicial autonomy]. Bogotá: Univerisdad Nacional de Colombia, Grupo Editorial Ibañez.

  47. Martínez, M. (1991). Alternativas al sistema penal [alternatives to the penal system]. In M. Martínez (Ed.), La abolición del sistema penal. Temis: Bogotá.

    Google Scholar 

  48. Ferrajoli, L. (1995). Derecho y razón: Teoría del garantismo penal [law and reason: A theory of penal garantismo] (P. A. Ibañez, Trans. Madrid: Editorial Trotta.

    Google Scholar 

  49. Corte Constitucional de Colombia. (2014, July 16) Court ruling C-501/14. [Judge Rapporteur Luis GuillermoGuerrero Pérez].

  50. (2014). Corte Suprema condenó a Andrés Felipe Arias por Agro Ingreso Seguro [The Supreme Court sentenced Andrés Felipe Arias for Agro Ingreso Seguro]. El Espectador. Retrieved from

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations


Corresponding author

Correspondence to David Rodríguez Goyes.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and permissions

About this article

Check for updates. Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Goyes, D.R. Corporate lobbying and criminalisation. Crime Law Soc Change 69, 401–419 (2018).

Download citation

  • Published:

  • Issue Date:

  • DOI: