Advertisement

Crime, Law and Social Change

, Volume 68, Issue 4, pp 387–402 | Cite as

When do anticorruption laws matter? The evidence on public integrity enabling contexts

  • Alina Mungiu-Pippidi
  • Ramin Dadašov
Article

Abstract

This paper asks if there is evidence that the most common legislation recommended and used in the current anticorruption toolkit is effective in reducing corruption and if specific contexts can be identified which enable or disable effective legislation for control of corruption. The paper draws on documented public accountability and anticorruption tools from the PAM, the public accountability mechanisms database of the World Bank, and documents additional ones, including an index of anticorruption regulatory density, comprising anticorruption agencies, existence of an Ombudsman, restrictions to party finance legislation and others. While only fiscal transparency and financial disclosures are found to be significant, the interaction of some tools with context elements, such as freedom of the press of independence of the judiciary enhances their impact. The paper argues finally that the effectiveness of some anticorruption tools is strictly dependent on context, especially the existence of the rule of law, while others remain fully insignificant.

References

  1. 1.
    Andrews, M. (2010). Good government means different things in different countries. Governance, 23(1), 7–35.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Doig, A. (1995). Good government and sustainable anti- corruption strategies: A role for independent anti- corruption agencies? Public Administration and Development, 15(2), 151–165.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    European Commission (2014). REPORT FROM THE COMMISSION TO THE COUNCIL AND THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT EU ANTI-CORRUPTION REPORT, available at https://ec.europa.eu/home-affairs/what-we-do/policies/organized-crime-and-human-trafficking/corruption/anti-corruption-report_en.
  4. 4.
    Fazekas, M., & Cingolani, L. (2016). How (Not) to Use Political Finance Regulations to Counter Public Procurement Corruption (February 1, 2016), available at https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Mihaly_Fazekas/publication/303966472_Breaking_the_cycle_How_not_to_use_political_finance_regulations_to_counter_public_procurement_corruption/links/57608edc08aeeada5bc306ce.pdf. Accessed 20 July 2016.
  5. 5.
    Fritzen, S. (2005). Beyond “political will”: How institutional context shapes the implementation of anti-corruption policies. Policy and Society, 24(3), 79–96.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Hanna, R., Bishop, S., Nadel, S., Scheffler, G., & Durlacher, K. (2011). The effectiveness of anti-corruption policy. EPPI Centre Report.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Huther, J., & Shah, A. (2000). Anti-corruption policies and programs: a framework for evaluation (vol 2501). Washington, DC: World Bank Publications.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Kaufmann, D., Kraay, A., & Mastruzzi, M. (2011). The worldwide governance indicators: Methodology and analytical issues. Hague Journal on the Rule of Law, 3(02), 220–246.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Kusek, J. Z., & Rist, R. C. (2004). Ten steps to a results-based monitoring and evaluation system: A handbook for development practitioners. Washington: World Bank Publications. available at https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/handle/10986/14926 Accessed 23 June 2017
  10. 10.
    Lambsdorrf, J. (2008) Good Governance and the Invisible Foot. In: Kottschau, K. and Marauhn, M. (2008) Good governance and developing countries : Interdisciplinary perspectives. Bern: Peter Lang.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Messick, R. E., & Kleinfeld, R. (2001). Writing an effective anticorruption law (no. 11362). The World Bank. available at https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/handle/10986/11362. Accessed 23 June 2017.
  12. 12.
    Mungiu-Pippidi, A. (2015). The quest for good governance: How societies develop control of corruption. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Mungiu-Pippidi, A., & Dadašov, R. (2016). Measuring control of corruption by a new index of public integrity. European Journal on Criminal Policy and Research, 22(3), 415–438.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    O’Leary, C. (1962). The elimination of corrupt practices in British elections, 1868–1911. Oxford: Clarendon Press.Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Passas, N. (2010). Anti-corruption agencies and the need for strategic approaches: A preface to this special issue. Crime, Law and Social Change, 53(1), 1–3.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Persson, T., & Tabellini, G. E. (2005). The economic effects of constitutions. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Sampford, C., Smith, R., & Brown, A. J. (2005). From Greek temple to bird's nest: Towards a theory of coherence and mutual accountability for national integrity systems. Australian Journal of Public Administration, 64(2), 96–108.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Sartori, G. (1997). Comparative constitutional engineering: An inquiry into structures, incentives, and outcomes. New York: NYU Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Treisman, D. (2007). What have we learned about the causes of corruption from ten years of cross-national empirical research?. Annual Review of Political Science, 10(2007), 211–244.Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Vargas, G. A., & Schlutz, D. (2016). Opening public officials’ coffers: A quantitative analysis of the impact of financial disclosure regulation on National Corruption Levels. European Journal on Criminal Policy and Research, 22(3), 439–475.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Hertie School of GovernanceBerlinGermany

Personalised recommendations