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An analysis of the implementation of laws with regard to female genital mutilation in Europe

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This paper presents results of a survey on legislation regarding female genital mutilation in 15 European member states, as well as the results of a comparative analysis of the implementation of these laws in Belgium, France, Spain, Sweden and the UK. The research showed that although both criminal laws and child protection laws are implemented a number of difficulties with the implementation of these laws remain. The article suggests that efforts should primarily focus on child protection measures, but also on developing implementation strategies for criminal laws, and concludes with suggestions to overcome the obstructing factors to implement laws applicable to FGM in Europe.

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The authors kindly acknowledge the Daphne Programme of the European Commission for funding the research and Prof Eva Brems of Ghent University for reading an earlier version of this paper and her valuable input in the research.

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Correspondence to Els Leye.

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Leye, E., Deblonde, J., García-Añón, J. et al. An analysis of the implementation of laws with regard to female genital mutilation in Europe. Crime Law Soc Change 47, 1–31 (2007).

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