The United Nations War Crimes Commission’s Proposal For An International Criminal Court
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The article examines the evolution of proposals for and debates around the establishment of a permanent international criminal court. Taking as its starting point discussions conducted in the context of the Paris Peace Conference of 1919, the article focuses on the various domestic, regional and international organizations that seriously considered the prospect of establishing a court with jurisdiction to prosecute international crimes in the inter-war and immediate post-World War II periods. Particular attention is paid to the central role played by the United Nations War Crimes Commission in this regard. In addition, the article provides an overview of recurrent themes that would re-emerge during the drafting of the Rome Statute some 50 years after the conclusion of the UNWCC’s activities.
KeywordsSecurity Council International Criminal Court International Criminal National Court Rome Statute
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