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The Commission on the Responsibility of the Authors of the War and on Enforcement of Penalties and its Contribution to International Criminal Justice After World War II

Abstract

This article traces the evolution of discussions within the Commission on the Responsibility of the Authors of the War and on Enforcement of Penalties and the United Nations War Crimes Commission regarding the establishment of an international criminal court. The Commission on the Responsibility of the Authors of the War and on Enforcement of Penalties was the first war crimes commission that seriously debated establishing an international criminal court for the prosecution of war criminals. Following the discussions held in the UNWCC, the International Military Tribunal in Nuremberg was created. All three institutions played a major part in the development of international criminal law.

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Correspondence to Harry M. Rhea.

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Assistant Professor of Criminal Justice, Florida International University, Miami. PhD in International Criminal Law (2012, National University of Ireland Galway), MSc in Criminal Justice (2004, Saint Joseph’s University), BA in Criminal Justice (2002, Rutgers University).

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Rhea, H.M. The Commission on the Responsibility of the Authors of the War and on Enforcement of Penalties and its Contribution to International Criminal Justice After World War II. Crim Law Forum 25, 147–169 (2014). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10609-014-9227-y

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10609-014-9227-y

Keywords

  • International Criminal Court
  • International Criminal Tribunal
  • International Tribunal
  • Military Tribunal
  • International Criminal Justice