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The Role of Personal Standards in Clinically Significant Perfectionism. A Person-Oriented Approach to the Study of Patterns of Perfectionism

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Abstract

Clinically significant perfectionism is defined as patterns of perfectionism which are over-represented in clinical samples and under-represented in non-clinical samples. The present study contrasted two hypotheses about what characterizes clinically significant perfectionism: the two-factor theory and perfectionism/acceptance theory. First, a person-oriented approach by means of cluster analysis was used to identify typical patterns of perfectionism. These clusters were then cross-tabulated with two clinical samples (patients with social phobia and patients with panic disorder) and a non-clinical sample. The results showed that patterns of clinically significant perfectionism combined high Concern over Mistakes (CM) and Doubts about Action (DA) with high Personal Standards (PS) (and to a lesser extent also high Organization)––which is consistent with perfectionism/acceptance theory, but at odds with the two-factor theory. The results illustrate the value of a person-oriented methodological approach as a complement to the traditional variable-oriented approach.

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Notes

  1. A subset of the data from this study were presented in another paper (Saboonchi et al., 1999) that compared patients with social phobia, panic disorder and agoraphobia, and a non-clinical sample, in a more traditional variable-oriented approach.

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Acknowledgement

We would like to thank Professor Lars R. Bergman for highly valuable comments on the cluster analytic parts of the study.

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Correspondence to Lars-Gunnar Lundh.

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Lundh, LG., Saboonchi, F. & Wångby, M. The Role of Personal Standards in Clinically Significant Perfectionism. A Person-Oriented Approach to the Study of Patterns of Perfectionism. Cogn Ther Res 32, 333–350 (2008). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10608-006-9109-7

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10608-006-9109-7

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