Chemical Constituents of the Plant Antidesma ghaesembilla
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Antidesma ghaesembilla Gaertn. of the family Phyllanthaceae is a plant indigenous to the Philippines. Locally known as binayuyo, the young shoots are used as a vegetable and as a spice . The leaves are used as a poultice to treat headaches, scurf, abdominal swellings, and fevers; the stems are emmenagogue, and the fruit is purgative. The fully ripe fruit can be eaten raw, cooked, or made into jams and jellies . A previous study reported that the crude methanolic extract of A. ghaesembilla Gaertn. leaves exhibited moderate to strong antioxidant potential and significant hypoglycemic potential . Recently, the methanol extract of A. ghaesembilla Gaertn. leaves was reported to exhibit antithrombotic, cytotoxic, and antibacterial activities . The poultice of the flower was used in Thailand to treat herpes simplex and herpes zoster . Chemical studies on the leaves of A. ghaesembilla reported the isolation of a megastigmane, vomifoliol , and the flavone glycosides vitexin,...
RLG acknowledges a scholarship and research grant from the Department of Science and Technology of the Philippines.
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