Chemistry of Natural Compounds

, Volume 54, Issue 1, pp 50–55 | Cite as

Phytochemical Screening and Antioxidant Properties of Phyllanthus emblica from Mauritius

  • S. Jhaumeer Laulloo
  • M. G. Bhowon
  • L. S. Chua
  • H. Gaungoo

The phytochemical screening showed the presence of phenols, flavonoids, non-flavonoid, tannins, alkaloids, saponins, and phytosterols in the different extracts (diethyl ether, ethyl acetate, butanol, and aqueous extracts) of dried fruits of Phyllanthus emblica (Amla). Low-molecular-weight aliphatic acids, phenolic acids, methyl/ethyl gallate, phytosterols, and tannins were identified in the fruits using UPLC-MS/MS. The scavenging activity of Amla was assessed using 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) and 2,2′-azinobis-3-ethylbenzothiazoline)-6-sulfonic acid (ABTS) assays. The ethyl acetate extract showed the highest total phenolic and flavonoid contents, which was also found to have the highest antioxidant potential with SC50, 1.33 ± 0.77 and 4.13 ± 0.99 μg/mL for the DPPH and ABTS assays, respectively. The high phenolic, flavonoid, and the antioxidant activity of the extracts indicated that the local Amla could be exploited as an antioxidant supplement.


Phyllanthus emblica phytochemical screening phenolic compounds antioxidant UPLC-MS/MS DPPH ABTS 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. Jhaumeer Laulloo
    • 1
  • M. G. Bhowon
    • 1
  • L. S. Chua
    • 2
  • H. Gaungoo
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Chemistry, Faculty of ScienceUniversity of MauritiusMokaMauritius
  2. 2.Institute of Bioproduct DevelopmentUniversiti Teknologi MalaysiaJohor BahruMalaysia

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