Constituent Composition and Biological Activity of Essential Oil from Pimpinella thellungiana
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The east-Asian species Pimpinella thellungiana H. Wolff (pimpernel) is a perennial herbaceous plant of the family Umbelliferae (Apiaceae) that is indigenous to Amur Oblast, Khabarovsky Krai (Priamurye), eastern Siberia (Dauriya), Mongolia, and central and northeastern China (Manchuria) and has spread to Primorsky Krai [1, 2]. The variety P. thellungiana H. Wolff var. gustavohegiana (Koidz.) Kitam. grows in the mountains of Japan and was described as the species P. gustavohegiana Koidz. .
All parts of the plant contain coumarins, steroids, and flavonoids [2, 3, 4]. Extracts of roots of P. thellungiana contained several phenolic acids including thellungianins A-H, which exhibited weak hypotensive activity [5, 6, 7]. Roots of P. thellungiana are considered in Chinese medicine to strengthen the stomach and are used for inflammations of the oral cavity, gallstones, and mucous membrane catarrhal conditions .
Herein, the composition, cytotoxicity, and antiradical activity of essential...
KeywordsAerial Part Mass Spectrometric Detector Antiradical Activity Caryophyllene Perennial Herbaceous Plant
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