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Essential oil variation of Salvia officinalis aerial parts during its phenological cycle

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In this paper the variation in the quantity and quality of the essential oil of Salvia officinalis during its life cycle stages is reported. The oils were obtained by hydrodistillation of air-dried samples. The yield of essential oil (w/w %) in different stages was in the order: floral budding (0.9%) > vegetative (0.7%) > flowering (0.5%) > immature fruit (0.4%) > ripen fruit (0.2%). The essential oils were analyzed by GC and GC-MS. In total, 36, 41, 40, 38, and 41 constituents were identified and quantified in the subsequent stages, respectively. Oxygenated monoterpenes were the main group of compounds in the fruiting set (56.9%), vegetative (48.5%), flowering (47.7%), and floral budding (45.3%) stage. 1,8-cineole as one of the major constituents of all samples was lower in the vegetative stage and gradually increased in subsequent harvesting times to reach a maximum in flowering and then decreased in the fruiting set. In contrast, the globulol content was higher in the first stage and decreased drastically during fruit maturation.

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Published in Khimiya Prirodnykh Soedinenii, No. 1, pp. 16–19, January–February, 2006.

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Hossein Mirjalili, M., Salehi, P., Sonboli, A. et al. Essential oil variation of Salvia officinalis aerial parts during its phenological cycle. Chem Nat Compd 42, 19–23 (2006).

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