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Methamphetamine Abuse Trends in Psychiatric Emergency Services: A Retrospective Analysis Using Big Data

Abstract

Objective

This exploratory retrospective study assessed demographic and hospital utilization characteristics of patients presenting with methamphetamine use to an urban psychiatric emergency service in New Mexico.

Methods

De-identified data from patients presenting to PES from 2011 to 2015 were extracted from our health system. Descriptive statistics were used to characterize the study population. We employed bivariate analyses to assess the relationship between methamphetamine use and patient demographics.

Results

Methamphetamine use increased faster than any other drug tested during the study’s time period. Compared to non-methamphetamine patients, methamphetamine use was associated with a shorter PES stay when the patient was in the PES more than 12 h.

Conclusions

Patients with methamphetamine use are increasingly seeking emergency psychiatric evaluations. Methamphetamine use may impact certain racial, ethnic, and socioeconomic classes disproportionately. Further health service delivery studies are needed to develop clear, evidence-based interventions and policy recommendations to address the methamphetamine crisis in the United States.

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Authors

Contributions

JM, RA and MC completed initial draft of manuscript. JM and MC performed literature search. RA, DS, PK and MC did data retrieval and analysis. JM, RA and MC conceptualized manuscript. All authors reviewed final draft.

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Correspondence to Jeremy Miller.

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The authors report no conflicts of interest.

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Miller, J., Atala, R., Sarangarm, D. et al. Methamphetamine Abuse Trends in Psychiatric Emergency Services: A Retrospective Analysis Using Big Data. Community Ment Health J 56, 959–962 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10597-020-00563-1

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10597-020-00563-1