Community Mental Health Journal

, Volume 55, Issue 2, pp 336–349 | Cite as

The Roles of Socioeconomic Status, Occupational Health and Job Rank on the Epidemiology of Different Psychiatric Symptoms in a Sample of UK Workers

  • B. LopesEmail author
  • C. Kamau
  • R. Jaspal
Original Paper


There is a considerable gap in epidemiological literature about community mental health showing how psychiatric symptoms are associated with job rank, socioeconomic status, and occupational health. We examine data from 4596 employees collected in the United Kingdom’s Psychiatric Morbidity among Adults Living in Private Households Survey. There were 939 workers in managerial jobs, 739 in supervisory jobs and 2918 employees in lower ranking jobs. Of the 4596 workers, 2463 had depressive symptoms and 2133 no depressive symptoms. Job rank, household gross income, social class, personal gross income and socio-economic group were significantly associated with general health, occupational health and depressive and avoidant symptoms. Job rank, occupational and physical health also explained the variance in paranoid and avoidant symptoms among the employees. This study shows that severe psychopathology is related to workers’ job rank.


Occupational health Epidemiology Depression Paranoia Job rank Socioeconomic status 



The authors acknowledge that the UK Office for National Statistics is the copyright holder of the psychiatric morbidity survey dataset and was not involved in its interpretation for this article.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.CINEICC, Faculdade de Psicologia e de Ciências da Educação da Universidade de CoimbraCoimbraPortugal
  2. 2.Department of Organisational PsychologyBirkbeck, University of LondonLondonUK
  3. 3.Department of Psychology, Faculty of Health and Life SciencesDe Montfort UniversityLeicesterUK

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