Prevalence of Childhood Mental Disorders Among School Children of Kashmir Valley

Abstract

Prevalence of mental disorders among children is affected by armed conflict and same is true in protracted conflict of Kashmir, where the ongoing conflict has affected mental health of children badly. In order to understand mental health condition of school going children, the present study was designed to study the nature and prevalence of mental disorders among school children in Kashmir valley. The present study employed multi-stage sampling and multi-informant reporting of mental health problems in children. A sample of 1000 school children was taken from 12 schools of Shopian district through systematic random sampling method. Data was collected at different levels of screening by using Strength and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ) (Teacher form) and Mini International Neuropsychiatric Inventory (MINI-Kid). Socio-demographic data sheet was included to gather relevant information. The prevalence rates of mental disorders among school children were presented at different levels of screening. It was found to be 27.1% based on SDQ and 22.2% when assessed by MINI-Kid at second level of screening. The most commonly found mental disorders were of anxiety (8.5%), followed by mood disorders (6.3%) and then behavioural disorders (4.3%). Percentage of schoolgoing children with mental disorders in Kashmir is much more than in other states of India. The political conflict in the state and lack of mental health facilities give rise to high prevalence rates of mental disorders and warrant our urgent attention.

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Acknowledgements

Author is highly thankful to all teachers and participants who gave their consent and supported in completion of the study.

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Correspondence to Mohd Altaf Paul.

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The authors declares that they have no conflict of interest.

Ethical Approval

The present study is approved by Ethical Committee of Jamia Millia Islamia, New Delhi. Author has taken good care of research ethics while dealing with participants and consent of participation has been taken formally.

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Paul, M.A., Khan, W. Prevalence of Childhood Mental Disorders Among School Children of Kashmir Valley. Community Ment Health J 55, 1031–1037 (2019). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10597-018-0253-9

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Keywords

  • Prevalence
  • Socio-demographic variables
  • Mental disorders
  • School children
  • Kashmir