Supporting Shared Decision-making for Children’s Complex Behavioral Problems: Development and User Testing of an Option Grid™ Decision Aid

Abstract

There is a lack of research to guide collaborative treatment decision-making for children who have complex behavioral problems, despite the extensive use of mental health services in this population. We developed and pilot-tested a one-page Option Grid™ patient decision aid to facilitate shared decision-making for these situations. An editorial team of parents, child psychiatrists, researchers, and other stakeholders developed the scope and structure of the decision aid. Researchers included information about a carefully chosen number of psychosocial and pharmacological treatment options, using descriptions based on the best available evidence. Using semi-structured qualitative interviews (n = 18), we conducted user testing with four parents and four clinical prescribers and field testing with four parents, four clinical prescribers, and two clinic administrators. The researchers coded and synthesized the interview responses using mixed inductive and deductive methods. Parents, clinicians, and administrators felt the Option Grid had significant value, although they reported that additional training and other support would be required in order to successfully implement the Option Grid and achieve shared decision-making in clinical practice.

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Funding

This project was funded by the Department of Psychiatry, Geisel School of Medicine at Dartmouth, Gary Tucker Junior Investigator Research Award.

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Correspondence to Erin R. Barnett.

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Barnett, E.R., Boucher, E.A., Daviss, W.B. et al. Supporting Shared Decision-making for Children’s Complex Behavioral Problems: Development and User Testing of an Option Grid™ Decision Aid. Community Ment Health J 54, 7–16 (2018). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10597-017-0136-5

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Keywords

  • Behavioral disorders
  • Children
  • Child psychiatry
  • Shared decision making
  • Children’s mental health
  • Decision aid