Abstinence and Use of Community-Based Cessation Treatment After a Motivational Intervention Among smokers with Severe Mental Illness

Abstract

Motivational interventions help people with mental illness try to quit smoking, but few studies have evaluated factors associated with this groups’ cessation with community treatment. We examined predictors of abstinence after a brief motivational intervention among smokers with severe mental illness. Education, stage of change post intervention, and use of cessation treatment predicted any 1-week period of self-reported abstinence over 6 months (29 %). Cessation treatment mediated the relationship between stage of change and abstinence. Because treatment was the key modifiable predictor of abstinence, future research should establish strategies that improve motivation for, access to, and retention in cessation treatment.

Clinical Trials Identifier NCT01412866

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Acknowledgements

The findings from this study were previously presented at The Society for Nicotine and Tobacco Treatment in Boston, MA (2013). This research is funded by the U.S. Health and Human Services, Administration on Community Living, National Institute on Disability, Independent Living, and Rehabilitation Research; and the Substance Abuse and the Mental Health Services Administration, Center for Mental Health Services, under Grant # 90RT5012-01-00. The views expressed do not reflect the policy or position of any Federal agency.

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Ferron, J.C., Devitt, T., McHugo, G.J. et al. Abstinence and Use of Community-Based Cessation Treatment After a Motivational Intervention Among smokers with Severe Mental Illness. Community Ment Health J 52, 446–456 (2016). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10597-016-9998-1

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Keywords

  • Smoking cessation
  • Severe mental illness
  • Mental Health Services
  • Abstinence
  • Decision support