Community Mental Health Journal

, Volume 51, Issue 2, pp 239–248 | Cite as

Collectivistic Orientation, Acculturative Stress, Cultural Self-Efficacy, and Depression: A Longitudinal Study Among Chinese Internal Migrants

  • Hongfei DuEmail author
  • Xiaoming Li
  • Danhua Lin
  • Cheuk Chi Tam
Original Paper


The current study examined the longitudinal relationship of collectivistic orientation and depression and the mediating effects of acculturative stress and cultural self-efficacy between collectivistic orientation and depression. We expect that collectivistic orientation would decrease acculturative stress and increase cultural self-efficacy, and in turn, improve depression. Using data from 641 Chinese internal migrants during a 1-year period, the results supported the hypothesis that collectivistic orientation predicted decreased depression. Moreover, collectivistic orientation alleviated depression through reducing acculturative stress. Although cultural self-efficacy was also a significant mediator, collectivistic orientation relieved depression through decreasing cultural self-efficacy. Implications for future research directions and counseling are discussed.


Collectivistic orientation Depression Acculturative stress Cultural self-efficacy China Internal migrants 



This study was supported by NIH Research Grant 1R01NR010498-01 by the National Institute of Nursing Research.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hongfei Du
    • 1
    Email author
  • Xiaoming Li
    • 2
  • Danhua Lin
    • 3
  • Cheuk Chi Tam
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of PsychologyUniversity of MacauMacaoChina
  2. 2.Pediatric Prevention Research CenterWayne State University School of MedicineDetroitUSA
  3. 3.Institute of Developmental PsychologyBeijing Normal UniversityBeijingChina

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