Community Mental Health Journal

, Volume 47, Issue 6, pp 628–636 | Cite as

Effect of a Motivational Intervention on Exercise Behavior in Persons with Schizophrenia Spectrum Disorders

  • Lora Humphrey BeebeEmail author
  • Kathy Smith
  • Renee Burk
  • Kelly McIntyre
  • Olivera Dessieux
  • Abbas Tavakoli
  • Clif Tennison
  • Dawn Velligan
Original Paper


Ninety seven outpatients with schizophrenia spectrum disorders (SSDs) were randomly assigned to the Walk, Address Sensations, Learn About Exercise, Cue Exercise Behavior for SSDs (WALC-S), a motivational intervention designed to increase exercise in SSDs (n = 48), or a time and attention control group (TAC, n = 49). WALC-S and TAC groups met weekly for 4 weeks before a 16 week walking program was offered to all subjects. We compared the exercise attendance, persistence and compliance of the groups during the walking program. WALC-S recipients attended more walking groups, for more weeks and walked more minutes than those receiving TAC. Percent of WALC-S or TAC groups attended was significantly correlated with overall attendance (r = 0.38, P = 0.001) and persistence (r = −.29, P = 0.01), as well as number of minutes walked. This study is among the first to examine interventions designed to enhance exercise motivation in SSDs.


Schizophrenia Community Exercise Motivation 



This study supported by a grant from the National Institutes of Mental Health, 1R03MH79047-02.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Lora Humphrey Beebe
    • 1
    Email author
  • Kathy Smith
    • 2
  • Renee Burk
    • 1
  • Kelly McIntyre
    • 3
  • Olivera Dessieux
    • 1
  • Abbas Tavakoli
    • 4
  • Clif Tennison
    • 5
  • Dawn Velligan
    • 6
  1. 1.University of TennesseeKnoxvilleUSA
  2. 2.Tennessee Wesleyan CollegeKnoxvilleUSA
  3. 3.Volunteer MinistriesKnoxvilleUSA
  4. 4.University of South CarolinaColumbiaUSA
  5. 5.The Helen Ross McNabb CenterKnoxvilleUSA
  6. 6.University of Texas Health Science CenterSan AntonioUSA

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