Changing Stigmatizing Perceptions and Recollections About Mental Illness: The Effects of NAMI’s In Our Own Voice

Abstract

In Our Own Voice (IOOV) is a 90-min anti-stigma program that comprises face-to-face stories of challenges of mental illness and hopes and dreams commensurate with recovery. We pared down IOOV to a 30-min version, using information from two focus groups. In this study, effects of 90- versus 30-min IOOV are contrasted with 30 min of education. Two hundred research participants were randomly assigned to one of these three conditions and completed a measure of stigmatizing perceptions and recollections. People in the education group remembered more negatives than the two IOOV groups. To control for overall response rate, a difference ratio was determined (difference in positive and negative recollection divided by overall recollections). Results showed the two IOOV conditions had significantly better ratios than education. These findings suggest the 30 min version of IOOV is as effective as the 90 min standard.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

Fig. 1

References

  1. Corrigan, P. W., & Penn, D. (1999). Lessons from social psychology on discrediting psychiatric stigma. American Psychologist, 54, 765–776.

    CAS  Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  2. Corrigan, P. W., River, L., Lundin, R. K., Penn, D. L., Uphoff-Wasowski, K., Campion, J., et al. (2001). Three strategies for changing attributions about severe mental illness. Schizophrenia Bulletin, 27, 187–195.

    CAS  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  3. Corrigan, P. W., Rowan, D., Green, A., Lundin, R., River, P., Uphoff-Wasowski, K., et al. (2002). Challenging two mental illness stigmas: Personal responsibility and dangerousness. Schizophrenia Bulletin, 28, 293–310.

    PubMed  Google Scholar 

  4. Hinshaw, S. P. (2007). The mark of shame: Stigma of mental illness and an agenda for change. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

    Google Scholar 

  5. Johnston, L. C., & Macrae, C. N. (1994). Changing social stereotypes: The case of the information seeker. European Journal of Social Psychology, 24, 581–592.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  6. Lincoln, T. M., Arens, E., Berger, C., & Rief, W. (2008). Can anti-stigma campaigns be improved? A test of the impact of biogenetic versus psychosocial causal explanations on implicit and explicit attitudes to schizophrenia. Schizophrenia Bulletin, 34, 984–994.

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  7. Link, B. G., & Phelan, J. C. (2001). Conceptualizing stigma. Annual Review of Sociology, 27, 363–385.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  8. Macrae, C. N., Bodenhausen, G. V., Milne, A. B., & Jetten, J. (1994). Out of mind but back in sight: Stereotypes on the rebound. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 67, 808–817.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  9. Rusch, L. C., Kanter, J. W., Angelone, A. F., & Ridley, R. C. (2008). The impact of In Our Own Voice on stigma. American Journal of Psychiatric Rehabilitation, 11, 373–389.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  10. Rüsch, N., Corrigan, P. W., Todd, A. R., & Bodenhausen, G. V. (2010a). Implicit self-stigma in people with mental illness. Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease.

  11. Rüsch, N., Todd, A. R., Bodenhausen, G. V., & Corrigan, P. W. (2010b). Biogenetic models of psychopathology, implicit guilt and mental illness stigma. Psychiatry Research.

  12. Rüsch, N., Todd, A. R., Bodenhausen, G. V., Olschewski, M., & Corrigan, P. W. (2010c). Automatically activated shame reactions and perceived legitimacy of discrimination: A longitudinal study among people with mental illness. Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry, 41, 60–63.

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  13. Thornicroft, G. (2006). Shunned: Discrimination against people with mental illness. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

    Google Scholar 

  14. Wood, A. L., & Wahl, F. (2006). Evaluating the effectiveness of a consumer-provided mental health recovery education presentation. Psychiatric Rehabilitation Journal, 30, 46–53.

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

Download references

Disclosure of Interest and Funding

Patricia Doyle is an employee of the National Alliance on Mental Illness (NAMI) in DuPage County, and Sarah O’Brien is an employee of NAMI National. Nicolas Rüsch was supported by a Marie Curie Outgoing International Fellowship of the European Union.

Author information

Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Patrick W. Corrigan.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Corrigan, P.W., Rafacz, J.D., Hautamaki, J. et al. Changing Stigmatizing Perceptions and Recollections About Mental Illness: The Effects of NAMI’s In Our Own Voice. Community Ment Health J 46, 517–522 (2010). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10597-009-9287-3

Download citation

Keywords

  • Stigma
  • Discrimination
  • In Our Own Voice
  • Anti-stigma intervention
  • Contact
  • Education
  • Recollection
  • Memory