Community Mental Health Journal

, Volume 46, Issue 1, pp 10–19 | Cite as

Postwar Winners and Losers in the Long Run: Determinants of War Related Stress Symptoms and Posttraumatic Growth

  • Shaul Kimhi
  • Yohanan Eshel
  • Leehu Zysberg
  • Shira Hantman
Original Paper


The study focuses on the long-term impact of war on adolescents (N = 821) and adults (N = 870) living in a war afflicted Israeli community a year after the war. Results indicate the following: (a) stress symptoms and posttraumatic growth (PTG) correlate negatively with each other. (b) Age was positively associated with stress symptoms and negatively with PTG. (c) Economic condition predicted stress symptoms as well as PTG of adults better than exposure to traumatic events, whereas for school students the best predictor of stress symptoms was exposure to traumatic events while the best predictor of PTG was age of participants.


Posttraumatic growth Gender Stress symptoms Second Lebanon War Economic condition Exposure to traumatic events 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Shaul Kimhi
    • 1
  • Yohanan Eshel
    • 1
    • 2
  • Leehu Zysberg
    • 1
  • Shira Hantman
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of PsychologyTel Hai Academic CollegeUpper GalileeIsrael
  2. 2.Department of PsychologyHaifa UniversityHaifaIsrael
  3. 3.Department of Social WorkTel Hai Academic CollegeUpper GalileeIsrael

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