Conservation Genetics

, Volume 17, Issue 2, pp 503–508 | Cite as

Introgression of peled (Coregonus peled) into European whitefish (C. lavaretus) in Poland

  • Danijela PopovićEmail author
  • Miroslaw Szczepkowski
  • Tomasz Heese
  • Piotr Weglenski
Short Communication


Human-induced hybridization between previously allopatric species deserves special attention from conservationists. The European whitefish (Coregonus lavaretus), native fish species in Poland, hybridizes with another coregonid fish—peled (Coregonus peled) due to artificial fertilization in the hatcheries. The latter species is native to Siberian waters and was introduced into Poland in 1966. The offspring of these two species are fertile, and interspecific hybrids have been shown to be present in certain Polish lakes. In this study, we estimate the level of peled introgression into the whitefish gene pool and verify the presence of pure whitefish populations in the four Polish lakes. Genetic analysis of 12 microsatellite loci and ITS 1 (internal transcribed spacer 1) fragment sequences revealed limited introgression. Bayesian admixture analysis showed that only one lake harbored an admixed population. All six admixed individuals possessed European whitefish mtDNA haplotypes. This study is the first comprehensive investigation of whitefish genetic diversity in Poland and revealed very limited introgression of peled. Obtained results showed that pure whitefish populations are still present in Poland and represent appropriate source for supportive breeding programs.


Whitefish Peled Admixture analysis Hybridization Introgression 



We would like to thank A. Bryla for providing tissue samples. We are grateful to M. Baca and H. Pannagiotopoulou for valuable comments and advice. This work was financially supported by the Polish National Centre for Research and Development through Grant ZPB/62/72380/IT2/10 and project financing agreements POIG.02.02.00-14-024/08-00.

Supplementary material

10592_2015_786_MOESM1_ESM.docx (24 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (docx 24 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Danijela Popović
    • 1
    Email author
  • Miroslaw Szczepkowski
    • 2
  • Tomasz Heese
    • 3
  • Piotr Weglenski
    • 1
  1. 1.Centre of New TechnologiesUniversity of WarsawWarsawPoland
  2. 2.Department of Sturgeon Fish BreedingInland Fisheries Institute in OlsztynPozezdrzePoland
  3. 3.Koszalin University of TechnologyKoszalinPoland

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