Contemporary Family Therapy

, Volume 40, Issue 4, pp 380–393 | Cite as

Reentry Experiences and Professional Developments of International Marriage and Family Therapy Graduates in Taiwan

  • Pei-Fen Li
  • Jerry Gale
Original Paper


Reentry research has received much less attention than research on cultural adjustment in a foreign country, especially in the marriage and family therapy (MFT) field in the United States. Lack of research on international students’ job experiences and professional developments during reentry does not provide further information to evaluate the quality of MFT education in the United States. This study was intended to extend the reentry literature and specifically to understand personal and professional reentry experiences and cross-cultural transformation of MFT returnees in Taiwan. Thirteen participants were interviewed, and the resulting data was analyzed using constructivist grounded theory. Analyses results demonstrated macro contextual factors that situated unique personal and professional reentry phenomena for international MFT graduate in Taiwan. The returnees strived to explore their MFT identity and interpret cross-cultural differences by developing four coping strategies (e.g., not wanting to fit in, doing what you were supposed to do or could do, processing with others, and therapists’ multicultural awareness) that were associated with three conditions, such as personal networks linking to professional networks, supervision, and training in MFT. Findings suggested that reentry adaption was varied and fitting into Taiwanese society might not be the final goal for the returnees. Training implications in the MFT field were provided based on the findings.


Reentry Marriage and family therapy Cross-cultural differences Cross-cultural transformation Coping strategies 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Marriage and Family Therapy Program, Department of Family Therapy in The College of Arts, Humanities and Social SciencesNova Southeastern UniversityFort LauderdaleUSA
  2. 2.Human Development and Family Science, College of Family and Consumer SciencesThe University of GeorgiaAthensUSA

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