Working within the framework of the Bowen’s Family Systems Theory and using data from 318 non-clinical participants, the present study assessed a model in which codependent behaviors were predicted by dyadic adjustment in couple relationships and differentiation of self. Results indicated that the dimensions of differentiation of self (I-position, emotional reactivity, emotional cutoff, fusion with others) were more important in explaining the codependent behavior compared to the dimensions of dyadic adjustment (dyadic satisfaction, cohesion, consensus, affective expression). These results suggest the importance of considering the dynamics and outcomes of the process of differentiation of self both in research and in counselling and clinical practice with individuals, couples, and families.
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In conducting the present research, ethical guidelines were followed. All procedures performed were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.
Participation in the study was voluntary and the information provided was anonymous and confidential. Written informed consent was obtained from all participants prior to participation in the study.
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Lampis, J., Cataudella, S., Busonera, A. et al. The Role of Differentiation of Self and Dyadic Adjustment in Predicting Codependency. Contemp Fam Ther 39, 62–72 (2017). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10591-017-9403-4
- Couple relationships
- Intergenerational transmission
- Family theory
- Marital adjustment