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Generalizing a model for animating adverbs of manner in American Sign Language


This work aims to show that a model produced to generate adverbs of manner can be generalized and applied to a variety of neutral animated signs for avatar sign language synthesis. This paper presents the generalization of a new approach that was first presented at SLTAT 2019 in Hamburg for modeling language processes that manifest themselves as modifications to the visual-manual channel. This work discusses extensions for generalizability to the model to be effective for a broader range of signs including one-handed and two-handed signs, repeating and non-repeating signs, signs with contact, and additional rotational adjustments to the wrists. This paper also includes interim results from an ongoing user study.

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Correspondence to Robyn Moncrief.

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Moncrief, R. Generalizing a model for animating adverbs of manner in American Sign Language. Machine Translation 35, 345–362 (2021).

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  • Avatar technology
  • Sign synthesis
  • Adverbs in ASL
  • Motion planning