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Drawing and studying on histogram

  • Yajie Li
  • Yan Zhang
  • Mingxiao Yu
  • Xiaofei Li
Article

Abstract

Statistical graphics has three important features -intuition, vivid and lively. It is an important tool in exploratory analysis. Histogram is an important histogram. People can use its intuitionistic images to show the distribution of numbers to get the regularity of data distribution. Histogram is widely used in shape matching, imagine retrieval, feature matching and visual tracking etc. It can be helpful for the subsequent data analysis as well. This paper discusses the mathematical principle, practical principle and the operation method of histogram. Also histograms have been drawn in this article based on data of the Old Faithful Geyser of California. R-project is used to draw the histogram to display the eruption time of Old Faithful. The default histogram of R-project, the probability density compound histogram and multi-interval histogram have been drawn by using R-program and at the meantime, the R-project program and the three imagine results are supplied and the author did the comparative analysis of them.

Keywords

Statistical graphics Histogram Probability density Data R-project 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors acknowledge the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant: 61375066), the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant: 11471051).

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of ScienceBeijing University of Posts and TelecommunicationsBeijingChina

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