Advertisement

Climatic Change

, Volume 145, Issue 1–2, pp 177–188 | Cite as

Discrete seasonal hydroclimate reconstructions over northern Vietnam for the past three and a half centuries

  • Kyle G. HansenEmail author
  • Brendan M. Buckley
  • Brian Zottoli
  • Rosanne D. D’Arrigo
  • Le Canh Nam
  • Vinh Van Truong
  • Dung Tien Nguyen
  • Hau Xuan Nguyen
Article

Abstract

We present a 350-year hydroclimatic year (HY) index for northern Vietnam derived from three discrete seasonal reconstructions from tree rings: an index of autumn rainfall from the earlywood widths of Chinese Douglas fir (Pseudotsuga sinensis), the first such record from this species, and two nearby published Palmer Drought Severity Index (PDSI) reconstructions from cypress (Fokienia hodginsii) tree rings for spring and summer, respectively. Autumn rainfall over the study region constitutes only around 9% of the annual total, but its variability is strongly linked to the strength of the atmospheric gradient over Asia during the transition from the boreal summer to winter monsoons. Deficit or surplus of autumn rainfall enhances or mitigates, respectively, the impact of the annual winter dry season on trees growing on porous karst hillsides. The most protracted HY drought (dry across all seasons) occurred at the turn of the twentieth century at a time of relative quiet, but a mid-to-late eighteenth century multi-year HY drought coincided with a period of great societal turmoil across mainland Southeast Asia and the Tay Son Rebellion in northern Vietnam. A mid-nineteenth century uprising accompanied by a smallpox epidemic, crop failure and famine, occurred during the worst autumn drought of the past two and a half centuries but only moderate drought in spring and summer. The “Great Vietnamese Famine” of the mid-twentieth century was dry only in autumn, with a wet spring and an average summer.

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors would like to thank the officials and staff from the Kim Hy Natural Reserve for their assistance with the fieldwork, as well as colleagues from Nong Lam University and the Southern Institute of Ecology, both in HCMC, who have supported this project over the past several years. We also extend our sincere thanks to Drs. Chenxi Xu and Masaki Sano for the use of their published reconstructions from Mu Cang Chai Fokienia hodginsii tree rings for comparing with our own and to Dr. Simon Wang and Dr. Lin Wang and two anonymous reviewers for valuable comments on our paper. This research was funded by the National Science Foundation of the USA research grants AGS 12-03818, AGS 13-03976, with additional funding from the Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory’s Climate Center and Climate and Life initiatives. Lamont Contribution No. 8152.

Supplementary material

10584_2017_2084_MOESM1_ESM.docx (21.8 mb)
ESM 1 (DOCX 22318 kb)

References

  1. Anchukaitis KJ, Buckley BM, Cook ER, Cook BI, D'Arrigo RD, Ammann CM (2010) Influence of volcanic eruptions on the climate of the Asian monsoon region. Geophys Res Lett 37(22)Google Scholar
  2. Briffa KR, Melvin TM (2011) A closer look at regional curve standardization of tree-ring records: justification of the need, a warning of some pitfalls, and suggested improvements in its application. In: Hughes MK, Swetnam TW, Diaz HF (eds) Dendroclimatology. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp 113–145CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Buajan S, Pumijumnong N, Li Q, Liu Y (2016) Oxygen isotope (δ18O) of teak tree-rings in northwest Thailand. J Trop For Sci 28(4):396–405Google Scholar
  4. Buckley BM, Barbetti M, Watanasak M, D'Arrigo R, Boonchirdchoo S, Sarutanon S (1995) Dendrochronological investigations in Thailand. Iawa Journal 16(4):393-409Google Scholar
  5. Buckley BM, Palakit K, Duangsathaporn K et al (2007) Decadal scale droughts over northwestern Thailand over the past 448 years: links to the tropical Pacific and Indian Ocean sectors. Clim Dyn 29:63–71.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s00382-007-0225-1 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Buckley BM, Anchukaitis KJ, Penny D et al (2010) Climate as a contributing factor in the demise of Angkor, Cambodia. Proc Natl Acad Sci 107:6748–6752.  https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.0910827107 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Buckley BM, Fletcher R, Wang S-YS et al (2014) Monsoon extremes and society over the past millennium on mainland Southeast Asia. Quat Sci Rev 95:1–19.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.quascirev.2014.04.022 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Buckley BM, Stahle DK, Luu HT et al (2016) Central Vietnam climate over the past five centuries from cypress tree rings. Clim Dyn 48:1–17.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s00382-016-3297-y Google Scholar
  9. Bunn AG (2008) A dendrochronology program library in R (dplR). Dendrochronologia 26:115–124.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.dendro.2008.01.002 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Chapuis O (1995) A history of vietnam: from Hong Bang to Tu Duc. Cambridge University Press, London 216 ppGoogle Scholar
  11. Chen TC, Tsay JD, Yen MC, Matsumoto J (2012) Interannual variation of the late fall rainfall in central Vietnam. J Clim 25(1):392–413CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Cook, E. R. (1985). A time series analysis approach to tree-ring standardization. Ph.D. Dissertation, University of Arizona, Tucson, p. 171Google Scholar
  13. Cook ER, Kairiukstis (2013) In: Cook ER, Kairiukstis LA (eds) Methods of dendrochronology: applications in the environmental sciences. Springer Science & Business Media, BerlinGoogle Scholar
  14. Cook ER, Cook ER, Anchukaitis KJ et al (2010) Asian monsoon failure and megadrought during the last millennium. Science 328:486–489.  https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1185188 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. D’Arrigo R, Palmer J, Ummenhofer C, Kyaw NN, Krusic P (2013) Myanmar monsoon drought variability inferred by tree rings over the past 300 years: linkages to ENSO. PAGES News 21(2):50–51CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. D'Arrigo R, Ummenhofer CC (2014) The climate of Myanmar: evidence for effects of the Pacific Decadal Oscillation. Int J Climatol 35:634–640.  https://doi.org/10.1002/joc.3995 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. D'Arrigo R, Barbett M, Watanasak M, Buckley B, Krusic P, Boonchirdchoo S, Sarutanon S (1997) Progress in dendroclimatic studies of mountain pine in northern Thailand. Iawa Journal 18(4):433–444Google Scholar
  18. Dutton GE (2006) The Tay Son uprising: society and rebellion in eighteenth century Vietnam. University of Hawaii Press, Honolulu 216 ppGoogle Scholar
  19. Hernandez M, Ummenhofer CC, Anchukaitis KJ (2015) Multi-scale drought and ocean–atmosphere variability in monsoon Asia. Environ Res Lett 10(7):074010CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Larsson L-Å (2016) CDendro & CooRecorder program package for tree ring measurements and crossdating of the data, 8 ednGoogle Scholar
  21. Li R, Wang S-Y, Gillies RR, Buckley BM, Truong LH, Cho C (2015) Decadal oscillation of autumn precipitation in Central Vietnam modulated by the East Pacific–North Pacific (EP–NP) teleconnection. Environ Res Lett 10(2):1–6.  https://doi.org/10.1088/1748-9326/10/2/024008 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Lieberman V (2003) Strange parallels: Southeast Asia in global context, c. 800–1830. Cambridge University Press, CambridgeCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Lieberman V, Buckley BM (2012) The impact of climate on Southeast Asia, circa 950–1820: new findings. Mod Asian Stud 46(05):1049–1096.  https://doi.org/10.1017/S0026749X12000091 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Luu NDT, Thomas PI (2004) Conifers of Vietnam. Darwin Initiat 1:1–94Google Scholar
  25. Melvin TM, Briffa KR, Nicolussi K, Grabner M (2007) Time-varying-response smoothing. Dendrochronologia 25:65–69.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.dendro.2007.01.004 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Pummijumnong N, Eckstein D, Sass U (1995) Tree-ring research on Tectona grandis in northern Thailand. IAWA J 16:385–392CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Sachs J, Sachse D, Smittenberg R, Zhang Z, Battisti D, Golubic S (2009) Southward movement of the Pacific intertropical convergence zone AD 1400-1850. Nat Geosci.  https://doi.org/10.1038/NGEO1554
  28. Sano M, Buckley BM, Sweda T (2008) Tree-ring based hydroclimate reconstruction over northern Vietnam from Fokienia hodginsii: eighteenth century mega-drought and tropical Pacific influence. Clim Dyn 33:331–340.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s00382-008-0454-y CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Sano M, Xu C, Nakatsuka T (2012) A 300-year Vietnam hydroclimate and ENSO variability record reconstructed from tree ring δ18O. J Geophys Res 117:D12115.  https://doi.org/10.1029/2012JD017749 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Stokes MA, Smiley TL (1968) An introduction to tree-ring dating. University of Chicago Press, ChicagoGoogle Scholar
  31. Taylor KW (1983) The birth of Vietnam. Univ of California Press, Berkeley 405 ppGoogle Scholar
  32. Thomas T, Christiaensen L, Do Q-T, Trung LD (2010) Natural disasters and household welfare: evidence from VietnamGoogle Scholar
  33. Trouet V, Van Oldenborgh GJ (2013) KNMI climate explorer: a web-based research tool for high-resolution paleoclimatology. Tree-Ring Res 69:3–13.  https://doi.org/10.3959/1536-1098-69.1.3 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Ummenhofer CC, D’Arrigo RD, Anchukaitis KJ, Buckley BM, Cook ER (2013) Links between Indo-Pacific climate variability and drought in the Monsoon Asia Drought Atlas. Clim Dyn 40:1319–1334.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s00382-012-1458-1 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Wigley TM, Briffa KR, Jones PD (1984) On the average value of correlated time series, with applications in dendroclimatology and hydrometeorology. J Clim Appl Meteorol 23(2):201–213Google Scholar
  36. Xu C, Sano M, Nakatsuka T (2011) Tree ring cellulose δ18O of Fokienia hodginsii in northern Laos: a promising proxy to reconstruct ENSO? J Geophys Res-Atmos 116:D24109.  https://doi.org/10.1029/2011JD016694 Google Scholar
  37. Xu C, Pumijumnong N, Nakatsuka T et al (2015) A tree-ring cellulose δ18O-based July–October precipitation reconstruction since AD 1828, northwest Thailand. J Hydrol 529:1–9.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhydrol.2015.02.037 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Yan H, Wei W, Soon W, An Z, Zhou W, Liu Z, Wang Y, Carter RM (2015) Dynamics of the intertropical convergence zone over the western Pacific during the Little Ice Age. Nat Geosci.  https://doi.org/10.1038/NGEO2375
  39. Yatagai A, Kamiguchi K, Arakawa O et al (2012) APHRODITE: Constructing a long-term daily gridded precipitation dataset for Asia based on a dense network of rain gauges. Bull Amer Meteor Soc 93:1401–1415.  https://doi.org/10.1175/BAMS-D-11-00122.1 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Yokoi S, Matsumoto J (2008) Collaborative effects of clod surge and tropical depression-type disturbance on heavy rainfall in central Vietnam. Mon Weather Rev 136:3275–3287.  https://doi.org/10.1175/2008MWR2456.1 CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Tree Ring Laboratory of the Lamont-Doherty Earth ObservatoryColumbia UniversityPalisadesUSA
  2. 2.Loyola University Vietnam CenterHo Chi Minh CityVietnam
  3. 3.Department of SilvicultureForest Science Institute of the Central Highlands and South Central VietnamDalat CityVietnam
  4. 4.Department of ForestryNong Lam UniversityHo Chi Minh CityVietnam
  5. 5.Kim Hy Natural ReserveVu MuonVietnam
  6. 6.Department of Life SciencesNational Cheng Kung UniversityTainanRepublic of China

Personalised recommendations