Climatic Change

, Volume 144, Issue 3, pp 419–432 | Cite as

500-yr. precipitation variability in Southern Taihang Mountains, China, and its linkages to ENSO and PDO

  • Yong ZhangEmail author
  • Qinhua Tian
  • Sébastien Guillet
  • Markus Stoffel


An annually resolved and absolutely dated ring-width chronology spanning 657 yrs. is constructed with Whitebark pine (Pinus bungeana Zucc.) samples from the southern Taihang Mountains, Eastern China. On the basis of a significant correlation between the tree-ring width index and observed instrumental data, precipitation in current May is reconstructed for the region since AD 1510, with predictor variables accounting for 37.9 % of the variance in precipitation data. In agreement with other drought reconstructions, notable dry spells occur in the 1630s–1650s, 1680s–1700s, and 1770s–1800s, whereas wet periods prevail in the 1530s–1570s, 1840s–1870s, and 1950s-present. Wavelet analysis reveals clear 2–8, 20–40, and 80–130 yrs cycles at the 95 % confidence level for the reconstructed series over the past 500 yrs, suggesting possible linkages with the El Niño-Southern Oscillation (ENSO) and the Pacific Decadal Oscillation (PDO). Correlation analysis between the tree-ring series, ENSO, and PDO index further demonstrates that precipitation is negatively correlated with PDO and ENSO in the long term.


Pacific Decadal Oscillation East Asian Winter Monsoon Pacific Decadal Oscillation Index Express Population Signal Precipitation Reconstruction 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



This research was supported by the National Basic Research Program of China ‘973’ (No. 2012CB956201), the Basic Research Project of the Ministry of Science and Technology (No. 2011FY120300), and the National Science Foundation of China (No. 41001058), LCS Open Funds for Young Scholars (2015). Particular thanks are due to three anonymous reviewers for their critical and valuable comments on the early manuscript.

Supplementary material

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Table S1 (DOCX 11 kb)
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Figure S1 (DOCX 123 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yong Zhang
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Qinhua Tian
    • 3
  • Sébastien Guillet
    • 4
  • Markus Stoffel
    • 4
    • 5
    • 6
  1. 1.Key Laboratory of Land Surface Pattern and SimulationInstitute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of SciencesBeijingChina
  2. 2.Center for Excellence and Innovation in Tibetan Plateau Earth System SciencesChinese Academy of SciencesBeijingChina
  3. 3.National Climate CenterChina Meteorological AdministrationBeijingChina
  4., Institute of Geological SciencesUniversity of BerneBerneSwitzerland
  5. 5.Institute for Environmental SciencesUniversity of GenevaGenevaSwitzerland
  6. 6.Department of Earth SciencesUniversity of GenevaGenevaSwitzerland

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