Advertisement

Climatic Change

, Volume 133, Issue 3, pp 419–426 | Cite as

Climate change justice through taxation?

  • Thom Brooks
Article

Abstract

How best to improve climate mitigation measures while we wait for an international consensus on climate policy? This is a practical problem raising important normative issues. The problem is the urgent need for better climate mitigation measures that is time-sensitive: conditions can only deteriorate over time rendering the problem and the relevant stakes even more pressing. The normative issues raised include whether a second-best solution is compelling given these non-ideal conditions and what form such a solution ought to take. This article responds to issues raised in Rolf H. Weber’s insightful piece in this special issue, such as the balancing of mitigation policies and securing market competitiveness leading to Weber’s defence of border tax adjustment. This article critically examines Weber’s position on competitiveness and its connection to border tax adjustment as a second-best option from a justice-based perspective. It is argued that strategies based around taxation—such as the Global Resources Dividend, the polluter pays principle and border tax adjustment—are problematic and unconvincing alternatives.

Keywords

Carbon Emission Climate Policy Emission Trading System Affluent State Level Playing Field 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

References

  1. Brandi C (2013) Trade and climate change: environmental, economic and ethical perspectives on border carbon adjustments. Ethics Policy Environ 16:79–93CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Brooks T (2007) Punishing states that cause global poverty. William Mitchell L Rev 33:519–532Google Scholar
  3. Brooks T (2012) Climate change and negative duties. Politics 32:1–9. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-9256.2011.01419.x
  4. Caney S (2005) Cosmopolitan justice, responsibility and global climate change. Leiden. J Int Law 18:747–775. doi: 10.1017/S0922156505002992 Google Scholar
  5. Eckersley R (2010) The politics of carbon leakage and fairness of border measures. Ethics Int Aff 24:367–393CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Gaines S (1991) The polluter-pays principle: from economic equity to environmental etho. Tex Int L J 26:463–495Google Scholar
  7. Hale E, Carrington D (2012) ‘EU hails airline emissions tax success’ http://www.theguardian.com/environment/2012/may/15/eu-airline-emissions-tax-success. Accessed 9 July 2015
  8. IPCC (2013) Climate change 2013: the physical science basis. Cambridge University Press, CambridgeGoogle Scholar
  9. IPCC (2014) ‘2014: Summary for policymakers’ http://ipcc-wg2.gov/AR5/images/uploads/WG2AR5_SPM_FINAL.pdf. Accessed 9 July 2015
  10. Kaufmann C, Weber RH (2011) Carbon-related border tax adjustment: mitigating climate change or restricting international trade? World Trade Rev 497–525Google Scholar
  11. Lay A (2012), Massnahmen zum Ausgleich der Kosten des europäischen Emissionszertifikatehandels, Diss. ZürichGoogle Scholar
  12. Neumayer E (2000) In defence of historical accountability for greenhouse gas emissions. Ecol Econ 33:185–192CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Pauwelyn J (2007) U.S. Federal climate policy and competition concerns: the limits and the options of international trade law, working paper 07–02, Duke University, April 2007Google Scholar
  14. Pogge T (2008) World poverty and human rights. 2d edn. Cambridge, PolityGoogle Scholar
  15. Roser D, Tomlinson L (2014) Trade policies and climate change: border carbon adjustments as a tool for a just global climate regime. Ancilla Iuris 222–44Google Scholar
  16. Stern N (2009) A blueprint for a safer planet. Bodley Head, LondonGoogle Scholar
  17. Thaler RH, Sunstein CR (2009) Nudge. Penguin, HarmondsworthGoogle Scholar
  18. US EIA (2011) International energy outlook 2011. Washington, DC: Energy Information Administration. http://www.eia.gov/pressroom/releases/press368.cfm
  19. Weber RH (2014a) Border tax adjustment: legal perspective. Climate change (forthcoming)Google Scholar
  20. Weber, R H (2014b) Designing trade rules to promote climate sustainability. J Energ Power Eng (forthcoming)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Durham UniversityDurhamUK

Personalised recommendations