Climatic Change

, Volume 131, Issue 2, pp 287–306 | Cite as

Assessment of social vulnerability to climate change in the eastern coast of India

  • Sanjit MaitiEmail author
  • Sujeet Kumar Jha
  • Sanchita Garai
  • Arindam Nag
  • R. Chakravarty
  • K. S. Kadian
  • B. S. Chandel
  • K. K. Datta
  • R. C. Upadhyay


This study highlighted the social vulnerability to climate change of 29 eastern coastal districts across 4 eastern coastal states of India by using the ‘Integrated vulnerability assessment approach’ and IPCC’s definition of vulnerability. The assessment was based on secondary data, like socio-economic and bio-physical indicators, collected from several authenticated sources; and weightage of these indicators were assigned by using Principal Component Analysis. Vulnerability was calculated as the net affect of exposure and sensitivity on the adaptive capacity. Pudukottai district of Tamil Nadu was found to be the most vulnerable district, while East Godavari district of Andhra Pradesh was the least vulnerable. The net effect was found to be negative in 10 districts: South 24-Parganas of West Bengal; Bhadrak of Odisha; Prakasam of Andhra Pradesh; Thiruvallur, Villipuram, Thanjavur, Thoothukkudi, Pudukottai, Ramanathapuram and Cuddalore of Tamil Nadu. This net negative effect may be considered as an indicator of alarming situation.


Adaptive Capacity Human Development Index Vulnerability Index Social Vulnerability Extreme Climatic Event 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



Authors acknowledge the contributions of National Initiative on Climate Resilient Agriculture (NICRA) at NDRI, Karnal, India for timely help and cooperation during the research work; and ADG (MR), National Climate Centre, IMD, Pune for providing climatic data. We also extend our gratitude to the Director, ICAR-National Dairy Research Institute, Karnal, Haryana, India for guidance, support and encouragement.

Supplementary material

10584_2015_1379_MOESM1_ESM.docx (16 kb)
ESM 1 (DOCX 16 kb)
10584_2015_1379_MOESM2_ESM.docx (18 kb)
ESM 2 (DOCX 18 kb)
10584_2015_1379_MOESM3_ESM.docx (18 kb)
ESM 3 (DOCX 18 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sanjit Maiti
    • 1
    Email author
  • Sujeet Kumar Jha
    • 2
  • Sanchita Garai
    • 3
  • Arindam Nag
    • 4
  • R. Chakravarty
    • 2
  • K. S. Kadian
    • 2
  • B. S. Chandel
    • 2
  • K. K. Datta
    • 2
  • R. C. Upadhyay
    • 2
  1. 1.National Research Centre on YakDirangIndia
  2. 2.National Dairy Research InstituteKarnalIndia
  3. 3.Eastern Regional StationNational Dairy Research InstituteKalyaniIndia
  4. 4.Department of Extension EducationBihar Agricultural UniversitySabourIndia

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