Climatic Change

, Volume 123, Issue 3–4, pp 731–761 | Cite as

Potential and limitations of bioenergy for low carbon transitions

  • Ruben BibasEmail author
  • Aurélie Méjean


Sustaining low CO 2 emissions pathways to 2100 may rely on electricity production from biomass. We analyze the economic effect of the availability of biomass resources and technologies with and without CCS within a general equilibrium framework. We assess the robustness of bioenergy with and without CCS for reaching the RCP 3.7 target with the hybrid model Imaclim-R. Global consumption is affected by the absence of CCS or biomass options, and biomass is shown to be a possible technological answer to the absence of CCS. As the use of biomass on a large scale might prove unsustainable, we show that early action is a strategy to reduce the need for biomass and enhance economic growth in the long term.


Electricity Price Carbon Price Computable General Equilibrium Biomass Resource Mitigation Cost 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



The authors wish to thank Henri Waisman, Thierry Brunelle, Patrice Dumas, François Souty and two anonymous reviewers for their careful examination of results, as well as the EMF27 study participants for their helpful comments. The authors acknowledge funding from the Chair “Modeling for Sustainable Development” led by ParisTech.

Supplementary material


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.CIRED – International Research Center on the Environment and DevelopmentNogent-sur-MarneFrance

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