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Table 1 Evaluation of element outcomes for challenges to mitigation or adaptation. Outcomes for agricultural productivity were interpreted as relevant for challenges to mitigation and to adaptation as detailed in Online Resource 5

From: Systematic construction of global socioeconomic pathways using internally consistent element combinations

Challenges: Adaptation (horizontal axis) Mitigation (vertical axis)
Low (value = 1) Low outcomes: Extreme poverty, water scarcity
High outcomes: Income, educational attainment, governance, innovation, agricultural productivity
Low outcomes: Population, energy intensity, carbon intensity
High outcomes: Technological change, agricultural productivity
Medium (value = 2) Any medium outcomes Any medium outcomes
High (value = 3) Low outcomes: Income, educational attainment, governance, innovation, agricultural productivity
High outcomes: Extreme poverty, water scarcity
Low outcomes: Technological change, agricultural productivity
High outcomes: Population, energy intensity, carbon intensity