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A systematic regional approach for climate change adaptation to protect biodiversity

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Developing appropriate climate change adaptations to protect biodiversity requires taking into account the dynamics of agro-ecological and socio-economic change. A framework for approaching this problem was proposed, but not applied in detail, as part of a major biodiversity and climate change report prepared in Australia. This paper describes the first trial application of the method. It was applied across Vietnam as the Government is interested in identifying adaptation options and detailed data are readily available for its 65 provinces. The process involves identifying ecoregions and collating information for each region based on the current conditions and trends in biodiversity, population, income and agricultural production. Climate change scenarios are identified for each region, together with governance options. Educational needs and key adaptation actions are then identified for each region taking into account the agro-ecological and socio-economic input data. It is concluded that the framework could easily be applied in other countries and should assist the development of strategic adaptation options.

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This trial application was carried out as part of an AusAID funded project on ‘Climate Change and Ecological Assets in the South-East Asian Region’. We’re grateful to Mark Stafford Smith for sharing some early drafts of section 7.7 from Steffen et al. (2009). Thanks to Mark Stafford Smith and Sarah Park for their comments on an earlier draft of this paper and also to the three anonymous reviewers for their very helpful comments.

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Correspondence to Trevor H. Booth.

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Booth, T.H., Jovanovic, T., Ho, N.S. et al. A systematic regional approach for climate change adaptation to protect biodiversity. Climatic Change 117, 757–768 (2013).

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