Skip to main content
Log in

Imprint of the 11-year solar cycle in reanalyzed and radiosonde datasets: a spatial frequency analysis approach

  • Published:
Climatic Change Aims and scope Submit manuscript

Abstract

Oscillations in the period band of 10–12 years were globally analyzed by the pseudo-2D wavelet transform of reanalyzed (ERA-40 and NCEP/NCAR) and HadAT radiosonde series at several pressure levels. The results were obtained for the series of temperature, u and v wind velocities, ozone mass mixing ratios at pressure levels up to 10 hPa and temperature and height of the tropopause. The study provides a detailed description of the oscillations’ spatial distribution, together with mutual comparison of the reanalyzed datasets. The analysis is supplemented by a correlation study between the wavelet power spectra interval of the reanalyzed and radiosonde series. For the temperature series, the study shows that the cycle is detected primarily in the tropics and subtropics; the details of the spatial patterns, however, differ significantly for the ERA-40 and NCEP/NCAR series. The analysis of the u and v velocities provides a new characterization of the longitudinal variability of the regions sensitive to solar forcing showing, e.g., preferences for Pacific Ocean areas at 100 hPa. In the ozone mass mixing ratio fields, the oscillations are identified throughout hemispherically asymmetrical and vertically variable locations. The findings describe cycle spatial distribution in a new way and are in general agreement with other studies. The analysis of the temperature and height of the tropopause showed that the regions where the cycle is detected are primarily found within tropical to middle latitudes, with pronounced longitudinal variability over the eastern Pacific Ocean.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in via an institution to check access.

Access this article

Subscribe and save

Springer+ Basic
EUR 32.99 /Month
  • Get 10 units per month
  • Download Article/Chapter or Ebook
  • 1 Unit = 1 Article or 1 Chapter
  • Cancel anytime
Subscribe now

Buy Now

Price excludes VAT (USA)
Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout.

Instant access to the full article PDF.

Fig. 1
Fig. 2
Fig. 3
Fig. 4
Fig. 5
Fig. 6
Fig. 7
Fig. 8

Similar content being viewed by others

References

  • Austin J, Hood LL, Soukharev BE (2007) Solar cycle variations of stratospheric ozone and temperature in simulations of a coupled chemistry-climate model. Atmos Chem Phys 7:1693–1706

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Baldwin MP, Dunkerton TJ (2005) The solar cycle and stratosphere–troposphere dynamical coupling. J Atmos Solar Terr Phys 67:71–82

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Benestad RE (2006) Solar activity and earth’s climate. Praxis Publishing Ltd, Chichester

    Google Scholar 

  • Calisesi Y, Matthes K (2006) The middle atmospheric ozone response to the 11-year solar cycle. Space Sci Rev 125:273–286

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Camp CD, Tung KK (2007) The influence of the solar cycle and QBO on the late winter stratospheric polar vortex. J Atmos Sci 64:1267–1283

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Coughlin KT, Tung KK (2004a) 11-year solar cycle in the stratosphere extracted by the empirical mode decomposition method. Adv Space Res 34:323–329

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Coughlin KT, Tung KK (2004b) Eleven-year solar cycle signal throughout the lower atmosphere. J Geophys Res 109:D21105

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Crooks SA, Gray LJ (2005) Characterization of the 11-year solar signal using a multiple regression analysis of the ERA-40 dataset. J Clim 18:996–1015

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Damon PE, Peristykh AN (2005) Solar forcing of global temperature change since AD 1400. Clim Chang 68:101–111

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Echer SMP, Echer E, Nordemann DJ, Rigozo NR, Prestes A (2008) Wavelet analysis of a centennial (1895–1994) Southern Brazil rainfall series. Clim Chang 87:489–497

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • ISAC Final Report (2007) Danish National Space Center, Scientific Report 2/2007. Available via http://www.spacecenter.dk/research/sun-climate/Projects/isac

  • Gasperini M, Chierici F (1997) Short-term periodic climatic change: a combined effect between the sunspot cycle and the lunar nutation. Clim Chang 35:229–240

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Gleisner H, Thejll P (2003) Patterns of tropospheric response to solar variability. Geophys Res Lett 30:1711. doi:10.1029/2003GL017129

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Goosse H, Renssen H (2006) Regional response of the climate system to solar forcing: the role of the ocean. Space Sci Rev 125:227–235

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Haigh JD, Blackburn M, Day R (2005) The response of tropospheric circulation to perturbations in lower stratospheric temperature. J Clim 18:3672–3691

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Kalnay E, Kanamitsu M, Kistler R, Collins W, Deaven D, Gandin L, Iredell M, Saha S, White G, Woollen J, Zhu Y, Leetmaa A, Reynolds B, Chelliah M, Ebisuzaki W, Higgins W, Janowiak J, Mo KC, Ropelewski C, Wang J, Jenne R, Joseph D (1996) The NCEP/NCAR 40-years reanalysis project. Bul Am Meteorol Soc 77:437–471

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Kistler R, Kalnay E, Collins W, Saha S, White G, Woollen J, Chelliah M, Ebisuzaki W, Kanamitsu M, Kousky V, van den Dool H, Jenne R, Fiorino M (2001) The NCEP-NCAR 50-year reanalysis: monthly means CD-ROM and documentation. Bul Am Meteorol Soc 82:247–268

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Kodera K, Kuroda Y (2002) Dynamical response to the solar cycle. J Geophys Res. doi:10.1029/2002JD002224

  • Labitzke K (1987) Sunspots, the QBO, and the stratospheric temperature in the north polar region. Geophys Res Lett 14:535–537

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Labitzke K (2001) The global signal of the 11-year sunspot cycle in the stratosphere: differences between solar maxima and minima. Meteorol Z 10:83–90

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Labitzke K (2004) On the signal of the 11-year sunspot cycle in the stratosphere and its modulation by the quasi-biennial oscillation. J Atmos Solar Terr Phys 66:1151–1157

    Google Scholar 

  • Labitzke K, Matthes K (2003) Eleven-year solar cycles in the atmosphere: observations, mechanisms and models. The Holocene 13:311–317

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Labitzke K, van Loon H (1997) The signal of the 11-year sunspot cycle in the upper troposphere-lower stratosphere. Space Sci Rev 80:393–410

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Lee H, Smith AK (2003) Simulation of the combined effects of solar cycle, quasi-biennial oscillation, and volcanic forcing on stratospheric ozone changes in recent decades. J Geophys Res. doi:10.1029/2001JD001503

  • Lim GH, Suh Y (2006) Evidence of an 11-year solar cycle of tropical 150-Hpa geopotential height, temperature, and wind. J Korean Meteorol Soc 42:169–181

    Google Scholar 

  • Mallat S (1999) A wavelet tour of signal processing. Academic, San Diego

    Google Scholar 

  • Martinson DG, Pitman WC III (2007) The the arctic as a trigger for glacial terminations. Clim Chang 80:253–263

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Mendoza B, García-Acosta V, Velasco V, Jáuregui E, Díaz-Sandoval R (2007) Frequency and duration of historical droughts from the 16th to the 19th centuries in the Mexican Maya Lands, Yucatan Peninsula. Clim Chang 83:151–168

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Percival DB (2002) Wavelets. In: El-Shaarawi AH, Piegorsch WW (eds) Encyclopedia of environmetrics, (Volume 4). Wiley, New York, pp 2338–2351

    Google Scholar 

  • Percival DB, Walden AT (2000) Wavelet methods for time series analysis. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge

    Google Scholar 

  • Pisoft P (2006) Climate system variability by the Pseudo-2D wavelet transform. Ph.D. thesis, Charles Univesity, Prague

  • Pisoft P, Miksovsky J, Zak M (2009) An analysis of the spatial distribution of approximate 8 years periodicity in NCEP/NCAR and ERA-40 temperature fields. Eur Phys J Spec Top accepted

  • Rigozo NR, Vieira LEA, Echer E, Nordemann DJR (2003) Wavelet analysis of Solar-ENSO imprints in tree ring data from Southern Brazil in the last century. Clim Chang 60:329–340

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Rozanov E, Callis L, Schlesinger M, Yang F, Andronova N, Zubov V (2005) Atmospheric response to NOy source due to energetic electron precipitation. J Geophys Res. doi:10.1029/2005GL023041

  • Soukharev BE, Hood LL (2006) Solar cycle variation of stratospheric ozone: multiple regression analysis of longterm satellite data sets and comparisons with models. J Geophys Res 111:D20314

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Thorne PW, Parker DE, Tett SFB, Jones PD, McCarthy M, Coleman H, Brohan P, Knight JR (2005) Revisiting radiosonde upper-air temperatures from 1958 to 2002. J Geophys Res 110:D18105

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Torrence C, Compo GP (1998) A practical guide to wavelet analysis. Bul Am Meteorol Soc 79:61–78

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Uppala SM, Kallberg PW, Simmons AJ et al (2005) The ERA-40 re-analysis. Q J R Meteorol Soc 131:2691–3012

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Waple AM (1999) The sun-climate relationship in recent centuries: a review. Prog Phys Geogr 23:309–328

    Google Scholar 

Download references

Acknowledgement

The authors would like to express their gratitude to the Czech Science Foundation, which supported this study through grant no. 205/07/P199 and also to the Ministry of Education, Youth and Sports of the Czech Republic, which supported this study through research plan no. MSM0021620860. The authors would like to thank Vera Schulmann for her generous time in proofreading the text. The presented work would not be possible without the utilized datasets: NCEP/NCAR reanalysis (obtained from NOAA/OAR/ESRL PSD, Boulder, Colorado, USA, from their Web site at http://www.cdc.noaa.gov/), ERA-40 reanalysis (downloaded from the page of the European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts, http://data.ecmwf.int/data/d/era40 daily/) and HadAT radiosonde series (UK Meteorological Office, Hadley Centre, available from http://badc.nerc.ac.uk/data/hadat/).

Author information

Authors and Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Petr Pišoft.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Pišoft, P., Holtanová, E., Huszár, P. et al. Imprint of the 11-year solar cycle in reanalyzed and radiosonde datasets: a spatial frequency analysis approach. Climatic Change 110, 85–99 (2012). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10584-011-0147-0

Download citation

  • Received:

  • Accepted:

  • Published:

  • Issue Date:

  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10584-011-0147-0

Keywords

Navigation