Climatic Change

, Volume 76, Issue 1–2, pp 31–53 | Cite as

Migration as an Adaptation to Climate Change

  • R. McLeman
  • B. SmitEmail author


This article presents a conceptual model to investigate population migration as a possible adaptive response to risks associated with climate change. The model reflects established theories of human migration behaviour, and is based upon the concepts of vulnerability, exposure to risk and adaptive capacity, as developed in the climate change research community. The application of the model is illustrated using the case of 1930s migration patterns in rural Eastern Oklahoma, which took place during a period of repeated crop failures due to drought and flooding.


Social Capital Smit Adaptive Capacity Migration Pattern Global Environmental Change 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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© Springer Science+Business Media, Inc. 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of GeographyUniversity of GuelphGuelphCanada

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