Skip to main content

Interactions between Habitat Loss and Climate Change: Implications for Fairy Shrimp in the Central Valley Ecoregion of California, Usa

Abstract

Combinations of habitat loss and climate change can alter the distribution of environmental conditions available to organisms. The magnitude and direction of these changes may have important implications for ecological processes and species persistence. This study explored the potential impacts of projected changes in climate and land-use for five fairy shrimp species (Crustacea: Anostraca) endemic to vernal pools in the Central Valley ecoregion of California, U.S.A. Scenarios describing habitat extent and climate were developed for 2040 and 2100 and compared to a 1990’s baseline. Hydrologic conditions in vernal pools were found to be sensitive to projected climate changes, and, in the absence of habitat loss, warmer temperatures and greater winter precipitation would drive vernal pools toward longer, more frequent periods of inundation. However, existing biological reserves for three of the five species are biased toward drier areas and if unprotected habitat were lost, the net change in hydrologic conditions would be reversed with remaining habitat providing shorter, less frequent inundations. Species with unbiased representation in reserves do not show this reversal, and they have predictable shifts in hydrologic conditions. These results demonstrate the importance of biologically and climatically representative reserve systems under climate change and habitat loss.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

References

  • Arnold, C. D. and Elliot, W. J.: 1996, ‘CLIGEN weather generator predictions of seasonal wet and dry spells in Uganda’, Trans. Am. Soc. Agric. Eng.39, 969–972.

    Google Scholar 

  • Bachelet, D., Neilson, R. P., Lenihan, J. M. and Drapek, R. J.: 2001,‘Climate change effects on vegetation distribution and carbon budget in the United States’, Ecosystems4, 164–185.

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Baffaut, C., Nearing, M. A. and Nicks, A. D.: 1996, ‘Impact of CLIGEN parameters on WEPP-predicted average annual soil loss’, Trans. Am. Soc. Agric. Eng.39, 447–457.

    Google Scholar 

  • Brendonck, L., Michels, E., de Meester, L. and Riddoch, B. J.: 2002, ‘Temporary pools are not “enemy-free”, Hydrobiologia486, 147–159.

    Google Scholar 

  • Carpenter, S.: 2002, ‘Ecological futures: Building an ecology of the long now’, Ecology83, 2069–2083.

    Google Scholar 

  • CDF-FRAP: 2002a, Development Projections (based on 1990 Census), California Department of Forestry and Fire Protection, Sacramento, CA.

    Google Scholar 

  • CDF-FRAP: 2002b, Management Landscape, California Department of Forestry and Fire Protection, Sacramento, CA.

  • Chapin III, F. S., Osvaldo, E. S. and Huber-Sannwald, E. (eds.): 2001, Global biodiversity in a changing environment: Scenarios for the 21st century, Ecological Studies, Vol. 152, Springer, New York.

  • Clark, J. et al.: 2001, ‘Ecological forecasts: An emerging imperative’, Science293, 657–660.

    Google Scholar 

  • Collinge, S. K.: 1996, ‘Ecological consequences of habitat fragmentation:Implications for landscape architecture and planning’, Landscape Urban Plan.36, 59–77.

    Google Scholar 

  • Daly, C. and Taylor, G.: 1998, California average monthly precipitation, 1961–1990, Water and Climate Center of the Natural Resources Conservation Service, Portland, OR, U.S.A.

  • Davis, F., Stoms, D., Bueno, M., Hollander, A. and Walsh, J.: 1995, Gap analysis of mainland California, ESRI, Redlands, CA.

    Google Scholar 

  • DeFries, R.: 2002. ‘Past and future sensitivity of primary production to human modification of the landscape’, Geophys. Res. Lett.29, 1132.

    Google Scholar 

  • Elliot, W. J., Scheele, D. L. and Hall, D. E.: 2000, The Forest Service WEPP Interfaces, ASAE Annual International Meeting, American Society of Agricultural Engineers, Milwaukee, WI.

  • Eriksen, C. and Belk, D.: 1999, Fairy Shrimps of California’s Puddles, Pools, and Playas, Mad River Press, Eureka, CA.

    Google Scholar 

  • ESRI: 2001, Arc/Info, Environmental Systems Research Institute, Redlands, CA.

    Google Scholar 

  • Foley, P.: 1994, ‘Predicting extinction times from environmental stochasticity and carrying capacity’, Conserv. Biol.8, 124–137.

    Google Scholar 

  • Franke, R.: 1982, ‘Smooth interpolation of scattered data by local thin plate splines’, Comput. Math. Appl.8, 273–281.

    MATH  Google Scholar 

  • Gibbs, J.: 2000, ‘Wetland loss and biodiversity conservation’, Conserv. Biol.14, 314–317.

    Google Scholar 

  • Greenstein, B., Curran, H. and Pandolfi, J.: 1998, ‘Shifting ecological baselines and the demise of Acropora cervicornis in the western North Atlantic and Caribbean Province: A Pleistocene perspective’, Coral Reefs 17, 249–261.

    Google Scholar 

  • Hanski, I.: 1999, Metapopulation Ecology, Oxford University Press, Oxford.

    Google Scholar 

  • Helm, B. P.: 1998, ‘Biogeography of Eight Large Branchiopods Endemic to California’, in Witham, C. W., Bauder, E. T., Belk, D., Ferren Jr., W. R., and Ornduff, R. (eds.), Ecology, conservation, and management of vernal pool ecosystems, California Native Plant Society, Sacramento, CA.

    Google Scholar 

  • Holland, R. and Dains, V.: 1990, ‘The Edaphic Factor in Vernal Pool Vegetation’, in Ikeda, D., Schlising, R., Fuller, E., Janeway, L., and Woods, P. (eds.), Vernal pool plants – their habitat and biology, California State University, Chico, CA, pp. 31–49.

    Google Scholar 

  • Holland, R. F.: 1998, ‘Great Valley vernal pool distribution, photorevised 1996’, in Williams, C., Bauder, E., Belk, D., Ferren Jr., W. and Ornuff, R. (eds.), in Ecology, conservation, and management of vernal pool ecosystems—Proceedings from a 1996 conference. California Native Plants Society, Sacramento, CA, pp. 71–75.

    Google Scholar 

  • Hooge, P. N. and Eichenlaub, B.: 1997, Animal movement extension to Arcview, Alaska Science Center – Biological Science Office, U.S. Geological Survey, Anchorage, AK.

  • Johnson, G. L., Hanson, C. L., Hardegree, S. P. and Ballard, E. B.: 1996, ‘Stochastic weather simulation: Overview and analysis of two commonly used models’, J. Appl. Meteorol.35, 1878–1896.

    Google Scholar 

  • Johnst, K. and Wissel, C.: 1997. ‘Extinction risk in a temporally correlated fluctuating environment’, Theor. Populat. Biol.52, 91–100.

    Google Scholar 

  • King, J., Simovich, M. and Brusca, R.: 1996, ‘Species richness, edemism and ecology of crustacean assemblages in northern California vernal pools’, Hydrobiologia328, 85–116.

    Google Scholar 

  • Lehtinen, R. M., Galatowitsch, S. M. and Tester, J. R.: 1999, ‘Consequencesof habitat loss and fragmentation for wetland amphibian assemblages’, Wetlands19, 1–12.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Miller, N. L., Bashford, K. E. and Strem, E.: 2001, Climate change sensitivity study of California hydrology: A report to the California Energy Commission, No. 49110, EPRI, Palo Alto, CA.

  • Motulsky, H. and Christopoulos, A.: 2002, ‘Fitting dose response curves’, in Motulsky, H. and Christopoulos, A. (eds.), Fitting models to biological data using linear and nonlinear regression. A practical guide to curve fitting, GraphPad Software, Inc., Melbourne, Australia, pp. 1–53.

  • Nemani, R. R. et al.: 2001. ‘Asymmetric warming over coastal California andits impact on the premium wine industry’, Climate Res.19, 25–34.

    Google Scholar 

  • Peterson, G. D., Cumming, G. S. and Carpenter, S.: 2003, ‘Scenario planning: A tool for conservation in an uncertain world’, Conserv. Biol.17, 358–366.

    Google Scholar 

  • Pyke, C. R.: 2002, Modeling Vernal Pool Hydrologic Regimes and Assessing Their Sensitivity to Climatic and Land-Use Change, Ph.D. thesis, University of California, Santa Barbara, CA.

  • Pyke, C. R.: in press, ‘Assessing climate change impacts on vernal pool ecosystems and endemic branchiopods’, Ecosystems

  • Pyke, C. R.: 2004, ‘Simulations of vernal pool hydroregimes for two locations in California’, Ecol. Model 173, 109–127.

    Google Scholar 

  • Scott, J. M. et al.: 2001a, ‘Nature reserves: Do they capture the full range of America’s biological diversity?’ Ecol. Appl.11, 999–1007.

    Google Scholar 

  • Scott, J. M. et al.: 2001b, ‘Representation of natural vegetation in protected areas: capturing the geographic range’, Biodiversity and Conservation, 10, 1297–1301.

    Google Scholar 

  • Semenov, M. A. and Barrow, E. M.: 1997, ‘Use of a stochastic weather generator in the development of climate change scenarios’, Clim. Change 35, 397–414.

    Google Scholar 

  • Simovich, M. and Hathaway, S.: 1997, ‘Diversified bet-hedging as a reproductive strategy of some ephemeral pool anostracans (Branchiopoda)’, J. Crustacean Biol.17, 38–44.

    Google Scholar 

  • Synder, M. A., Bell, J. L., Sloan, L. C., Duffy, P. B. and Govindasamy, B.:2002, ‘Climate responses to a doubling of atmospheric carbon dioxide for a climatically vulerable region’, Geophys. Res. Lett. 29, 1–4.

    Google Scholar 

  • Thornton, P. E. and Running, S. W.: 1999, ‘An improved algorithm for estimating incident daily solar radiation from measurements of temperature, humidity, and precipitation’, Agric. Forest Meteorol.93, 211–228.

    Google Scholar 

  • Thornton, P. E., Running, S. W. and White, M. A.: 1997, ‘Generating surfaces of daily meteorological variables over large regions of complex terrain’,J. Hydrol.190, 214–251.

    Google Scholar 

  • Tilman, D. et al.: 2001, ‘Forecasting agriculturally driven global environmental change’, Science292, 231–284.

    Google Scholar 

  • USFWS: 1994, ‘Endangered and threatened wildlife and plants; determination of endangered status for the conservancy fairy shrimp, longhorn fairy shrimp, and the vernal pool tadpole shrimp; and threatened status for the vernal pool fairy shrimp’, Federal Register59, 48136–48153.

    Google Scholar 

  • USFWS: 2003, ‘Endangered and threatened wildlife and plants; 90-day findingfor a petition to list the midvalley fairy shrimp as endangered’, Federal Register78, 22724–22727.

    Google Scholar 

  • Verdin, K. L. and Greenlee, S. K.: 1996, ‘Development of continental scale digital elevation models and extraction of hydrographic features’, in Third International Conference/Workshop On Integrating GIS and Environmental Modeling, National Centre for Geographic Information and Analysis, Santa Barbara, California, Santa Fe, New Mexico.

  • Vitousek, P., Mooney, H., Lubchenco, J. and Melillo, J.: 1997, ‘Human domination of Earth’s ecosystems’, Science277, 494.

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Wilcox, C.: 2001, ‘Habitat size and isolation affect colonization of seasonal wetlands by predatory aquatic insects’, Israel J. Zool.47, 459–475.

    Google Scholar 

  • Wilks, D. S.: 1992, ‘Adapting stochastic weather generation algorithms for climate change studies’, Climate Change22, 67–84.

    Google Scholar 

  • Wimberly, M., Spies, T., Long, C. and Whitlock, C.: 2000, ‘Simulating historical variability in the amount of old forests in the Oregon Coast Range’, Conserv. Biol.14, 167–180.

    Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Christopher R. Pyke.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Pyke, C.R. Interactions between Habitat Loss and Climate Change: Implications for Fairy Shrimp in the Central Valley Ecoregion of California, Usa. Climatic Change 68, 199–218 (2005). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10584-005-6011-3

Download citation

  • Received:

  • Revised:

  • Issue Date:

  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10584-005-6011-3

Keywords

  • Hydrologic Condition
  • Habitat Loss
  • Winter Precipitation
  • Project Climate Change
  • Vernal Pool