Modelling of processes occurring in deep geological repository — development of new modules in the GoldSim environment

Abstract

Three new modules modelling the processes that occur in a deep geological repository have been prepared in the GoldSim computer code environment (using its Transport Module). These modules help to understand the role of selected parameters in the near-field region of the final repository and to prepare an own complex model of the repository behaviour. The source term module includes radioactive decay and ingrowth in the canister, first order degradation of fuel matrix, solubility limitation of the concentration of the studied nuclides, and diffusive migration through the surrounding bentonite layer controlled by the output boundary condition formulated with respect to the rate of water flow in the rock. The corrosion module describes corrosion of canisters made of carbon steel and transport of corrosion products in the near-field region. This module computes balance equations between dissolving species and species transported by diffusion and/or advection from the surface of a solid material. The diffusion module that includes also non-linear form of the interaction isotherm can be used for an evaluation of small-scale diffusion experiments.

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Vopálka, D., Lukin, D. & Vokál, A. Modelling of processes occurring in deep geological repository — development of new modules in the GoldSim environment. Czech J Phys 56, D623–D628 (2006). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10582-006-0557-9

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Keywords

  • Bentonite
  • Corrosion Rate
  • Corrosion Product
  • Spend Nuclear Fuel
  • Compact Bentonite