Modeling of cesium transport through sand-bentonite mixtures
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The sorption and transport of Cs through mixture of Ca/Mg-bentonite and sand have been studied using five column experiments with different bentonite/sand ratio, initial Cs concentration and column height. For comparison the batch experiments with small m/V ratio and high Cs concentration were performed. The results showed that Cs removal from aqueous solution by bentonite is controlled by ion-exchange reaction between Cs and Ca/Mg initially sorbed on bentonite and that there is a consistency between the results obtained from batch equilibrium data and the results obtained from column experiments verified in the environment of PHREEQC.
KeywordsBentonite Column Experiment Thermodynamic Equilibrium Constant Retardation Coefficient Code PHREEQC
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