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Natural background radiation induces cytogenetic radioadaptive response more effectively than occupational exposure in human peripheral blood lymphocytes

  • Part II
  • Session 8: Nuclear Methods in Medicine, Radiopharmaceuticals and Radiodiagnostics, Labelled Compounds
  • Published:
Czechoslovak Journal of Physics Aims and scope


Ramsar, a city in the northern Iran, has the highest level of natural background radiation in the world. It has been clearly shown that low doses of ionising radiation can induce resistance to subsequent higher exposures. This phenomenon is termed radioadaptive response. We have compared induction of cytogenetic radioadaptive response by High Natural Background Radiation (HNBR) in Ramsar and X-ray occupational exposure as conditioning doses in human peripheral blood lymphocytes. 30 healthy control individuals, living in Ramsar but in normal background radiation areas, 15 healthy individuals from Talesh Mahalleh, a region with extraordinary high level of background radiation, and 7 X-ray radiographers working in Ramsar hospital located in normal natural background ionising radiation area were evaluated. Peripheral blood samples were prepared and exposed to challenge dose of 0 and 2 Gy. Lymphocytes were scored using analysis of metaphase, for the presence of chromosomal aberrations. An adaptive response was observed in HNBR and radiation workers groups in comparison with sham controls. A significant increase in adaptive response was observed in the HNBR group if compared with the occupationally exposed group. These findings indicate that both natural background radiation and occupational exposure could induce cytogenetic radioadaptive response and it is more significant regarding to natural background ionising radiation.

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Correspondence to A. Shabestani Monfared.

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Acknowledgement: This work was supported by Babol University of Medical Sciences Research Department. We appreciate Miss Sh. Sharifi for her technical assistance and preparation of samples. We also would like to thank the staff of Radiation Therapy Department of Rajaii Hospital for irradiating blood samples.

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Monfared, A.S., Mozdarani, H. & Amiri, M. Natural background radiation induces cytogenetic radioadaptive response more effectively than occupational exposure in human peripheral blood lymphocytes. Czech J Phys 53 (Suppl 1), A791–A795 (2003).

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