Language Resources and Evaluation

, Volume 47, Issue 3, pp 839–858 | Cite as

Using part–whole relations for automatic deduction of compound-internal relations in GermaNet

  • Erhard Hinrichs
  • Verena Henrich
  • Reinhild Barkey
Original Paper


This paper provides a deduction-based approach for automatically classifying compound-internal relations in GermaNet, the German version of the Princeton WordNet for English. More specifically, meronymic relations between simplex and compound nouns provide the necessary input to the deduction patterns that involve different types of compound-internal relations. The scope of these deductions extends to all four meronymic relations modeled in version 6.0 of GermaNet: component, member, substance, and portion. This deduction-based approach provides an effective method for automatically enriching the set of semantic relations included in GermaNet.


Part–whole relations Meronymy Holonymy German wordnet GermaNet Compounds Compound-internal relations 



We are very grateful to our research assistant Sarah Schulz, who helped us substantially revise the part–whole relations for GermaNet release 6.0. We would like to thank our colleague Christina Hoppermann and three anonymous reviewers for their extremely helpful comments on earlier versions of this paper. Special thanks go to Harald Baayen for stimulating discussions and valuable input on future directions for research. Financial support for the first and second author was provided by the German Research Foundation (DFG) as part of the Collaborative Research Center ‘Emergence of Meaning’ (SFB 833) and by the German Ministry of Education and Technology (BMBF) as part of the research grant CLARIN-D. Additional support for the third author was provided by the German Research Foundation as part of the joint research grant ‘Semantic Information Retrieval (SIR-III)’ of the Universities of Darmstadt and Tübingen.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Erhard Hinrichs
    • 1
  • Verena Henrich
    • 1
  • Reinhild Barkey
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of LinguisticsUniversity of TübingenTübingenGermany

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