Measuring Engagement in Antisocial Behavior During Late Adolescence and Early Adulthood for Typically Developing Youth


Research examining the nature and extent of participation in antisocial behavior (ASB) in typically developing individuals during late adolescence and early adulthood remains rare. A self-report instrument for measuring participation in ASB was developed and administered to an Australian sample of 404 youth (64.9% females) aged 17 to 22-years using item-response theory methods. All participants reported involvement in multiple forms of ASB, although this involvement was skewed toward less serious behaviors, suggesting that engagement in these behaviors were common for typically developing youth. Unlike previous research, few sex differences were detected, with females’ self-reported involvement in ASB similar to that of males. A need for ongoing longitudinal research in typically developing samples was highlighted, particularly on the transition to adulthood.

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The data for this research are made available on the Open Science Framework:;


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JO was awarded an Australian Postgraduate Scholarship to support the completion of this research.

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Correspondence to James M. Ogilvie.

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All procedures performed in this study with human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional research committee and the Australian National Statement on Ethical Conduct in Human Research (The National Health and Medical Research Council 2015).

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See Tables 6 and 7.

Table 6 Descriptive information for scale items
Table 7 Single-factor solution factor loadings and fit indices to assess unidimensionality for antisocial behaviour categories

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Ogilvie, J.M., Stewart, A. & Shum, D.H.K. Measuring Engagement in Antisocial Behavior During Late Adolescence and Early Adulthood for Typically Developing Youth. Child Psychiatry Hum Dev 52, 248–269 (2021).

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  • Self-report
  • Antisocial behavior
  • Adolescence
  • Item-response theory