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Quality and Correlates of Peer Relationships in Youths with Chronic Pain

  • Valérie La Buissonnière-Ariza
  • Dennis Hart
  • Sophie C. Schneider
  • Nicole M. McBride
  • Sandra L. Cepeda
  • Brandon Haney
  • Sara Tauriello
  • Shannon Glenn
  • Danielle Ung
  • Peter Huszar
  • Lisa Tetreault
  • Erin Petti
  • S. Parrish Winesett
  • Eric A. Storch
Original Article

Abstract

Youths with chronic pain may experience difficulties with peer relationships. We investigated the quality and correlates of peer relationships in a sample of 181 youths with chronic pain. A majority of youths were satisfied with their relationships with peers; however, levels were highly variable. Higher functional impairment and depression levels predicted lower peer relationship quality, controlling for demographic and other pain-related factors. In addition, peer relationship quality and pain severity predicted child depression and anxiety symptoms, whereas peer relationship quality only predicted anger symptoms. Relationship quality moderated the association between pain severity and functional impairment, suggesting that strong relationships with peers may buffer the effects of pain on functioning. Peer relationships seem particularly important for the adjustment and psychological well-being of youths with chronic pain. Particular attention should be given to functionally impaired and depressed children, who may be at higher risk of peer difficulties.

Keywords

Children Adolescents Peers Chronic pain Social functioning 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Valérie La Buissonnière-Ariza
    • 1
  • Dennis Hart
    • 2
  • Sophie C. Schneider
    • 1
  • Nicole M. McBride
    • 3
  • Sandra L. Cepeda
    • 1
  • Brandon Haney
    • 4
  • Sara Tauriello
    • 5
  • Shannon Glenn
    • 6
  • Danielle Ung
    • 4
  • Peter Huszar
    • 2
  • Lisa Tetreault
    • 2
  • Erin Petti
    • 2
  • S. Parrish Winesett
    • 2
  • Eric A. Storch
    • 1
  1. 1.Menninger Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral SciencesBaylor College of MedicineHoustonUSA
  2. 2.Johns Hopkins All Children’s HospitalSaint PetersburgUSA
  3. 3.Division of Child and Adolescent PsychiatryUniversity of Arkansas for Medical SciencesLittle RockUSA
  4. 4.Department of PediatricsUniversity of South FloridaTampaUSA
  5. 5.Division of Behavioral MedicineUniversity at BuffaloBuffaloUSA
  6. 6.Miller School of MedicineUniversity of MiamiCoral GablesUSA

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