Child Psychiatry & Human Development

, Volume 47, Issue 5, pp 751–758 | Cite as

Unemployment, Parental Distress and Youth Emotional Well-Being: The Moderation Roles of Parent–Youth Relationship and Financial Deprivation

  • Diana FrasquilhoEmail author
  • Margarida Gaspar de Matos
  • Adilson Marques
  • Fergus G. Neville
  • Tânia Gaspar
  • J. M. Caldas-de-Almeida
Original Article


We investigated, in a sample of 112 unemployed parents of adolescents aged 10–19 years, the links between parental distress and change in youth emotional problems related to parental unemployment, and the moderation roles of parent–youth relationship and financial deprivation. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and correlations. Further, simple moderation, additive moderation, and moderated moderation models of regression were performed to analyze the effects of parental distress, parent–youth relationship and financial deprivation in predicting change in youth emotional problems related to parental unemployment. Results show that parental distress moderated by parent–youth relationship predicted levels of change in youth emotional problems related to parental unemployment. This study provides evidence that during job loss, parental distress is linked to youth emotional well-being and that parent–youth relationships play an important moderation role. This raises the importance of further researching parental distress impacts on youth well-being, especially during periods of high unemployment rates.


Adolescence Mental health Parental unemployment Parent–child relations 



The authors thank Dr. Sharon Leahy from the University of St. Andrews in Scotland for the language proof.


D. Frasquilho receives a grant from the Portuguese Foundation for Science and Technology (FCT), reference SFRH/BD/80846/2011.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflicts of interest.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Diana Frasquilho
    • 1
    Email author
  • Margarida Gaspar de Matos
    • 2
    • 3
  • Adilson Marques
    • 2
  • Fergus G. Neville
    • 4
  • Tânia Gaspar
    • 2
    • 5
  • J. M. Caldas-de-Almeida
    • 6
  1. 1.Nova Medical School and CMDT/IHMTNova University LisbonLisbonPortugal
  2. 2.Faculty of Human Kinetics and ISAMBUniversity of LisbonLisbonPortugal
  3. 3.William James Center for ResearchISPALisbonPortugal
  4. 4.School of MedicineUniversity of St AndrewsSt AndrewsScotland, UK
  5. 5.School of PsychologyLusíada UniversityLisbonPortugal
  6. 6.Department of Mental Health, Nova Medical SchoolNova University LisbonLisbonPortugal

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