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Hoarding in Children and Adolescents: A Review

Abstract

The diagnostic conceptualization of hoarding has recently changed, and yet the application of these changes to hoarding in youth remains to be clarified. In this review we examine the literature on hoarding in youth. We discuss issues related to the assessment of pediatric hoarding, and the nature of hoarding in youth. We consider evidence for hoarding disorder as a distinct diagnosis in youth, and review the relationship between pediatric hoarding and other psychiatric disorders. Finally, we describe preliminary models of treatment for pediatric hoarding. We conclude that there is support for hoarding disorder as a distinct diagnosis in youth. However, more precise and developmentally appropriate assessment tools are needed to provide stronger evidence for this claim and to further our knowledge of prevalence and associated clinical characteristics. Although there is no evidence-based treatment for pediatric hoarding, preliminary evidence from case studies suggests that cognitive and behavioral methods may have promise.

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Morris, S.H., Jaffee, S.R., Goodwin, G.P. et al. Hoarding in Children and Adolescents: A Review. Child Psychiatry Hum Dev 47, 740–750 (2016). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10578-015-0607-2

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Keywords

  • Hoarding disorder
  • Obsessive compulsive disorder
  • Children and adolescents
  • Cognitive behavioral therapy