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Child Psychiatry & Human Development

, Volume 46, Issue 6, pp 951–966 | Cite as

A Developmental Psychopathology Perspective on ADHD and Comorbid Conditions: The Role of Emotion Regulation

  • Elizabeth A. Steinberg
  • Deborah A. G. Drabick
Substantive/Theoretical Review

Abstract

Research investigating attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and co-occurring disorders such as oppositional defiant disorder, conduct disorder, anxiety, and depression has surged in popularity; however, the developmental relations between ADHD and these comorbid conditions remain poorly understood. The current paper uses a developmental psychopathology perspective to examine conditions commonly comorbid with ADHD during late childhood through adolescence. First, we present evidence for ADHD and comorbid disorders. Next, we discuss emotion regulation and its associations with ADHD. The role of parenting behaviors in the development and maintenance of emotion regulation difficulties and comorbid disorders among children with ADHD is explored. An illustrative example of emotion regulation and parenting over the course of development is provided to demonstrate bidirectional relations among these constructs. We then present an integrated conceptual model of emotion regulation as a shared risk process that may lead to different comorbid conditions among children with ADHD. Implications and directions for future research are presented.

Keywords

Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder Comorbidity Emotion regulation Parenting Risk factors 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Elizabeth A. Steinberg
    • 1
  • Deborah A. G. Drabick
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PsychologyTemple UniversityPhiladelphiaUSA

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