Chromosome Research

, Volume 14, Issue 4, pp 433–449 | Cite as

ATP-dependent chromatin remodeling complexes in Drosophila

Article

Abstract

The regulation of chromatin structure is of fundamental importance for many DNA-based processes in eukaryotes. Activation or repression of gene transcription or DNA replication depends on enzymes which can generate the appropriate chromatin environment. Several of these enzymes utilize the energy of ATP hydrolysis to alter nucleosome structure. In recent years our understanding of the multisubunit complexes within which they function, their mechanisms of action, their regulation and their in-vivo roles has increased. Much of what we have learned has been gleaned from studies in Drosophila melanogaster. Here we will review what we know about the main classes of ATP-dependent chromatin remodelers in Drosophila.

Key words

chromatin DNA replication Drosophila nucleosome remodeling SNF2 superfamily transcription 

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Copyright information

© Springer 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Massachusetts General Hospital, Department of Molecular Biology, Harvard Medical School, Department of GeneticsBostonUSA
  2. 2.Institut für Molekularbiologie und TumorforschungPhilipps-Universität MarburgMarburgGermany

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