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A novel adaptive neuro-fuzzy inference system model to predict the intrinsic mechanical properties of various cellulosic fibers for better green composites

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Abstract

In this work a novel adaptive neuro-fuzzy inference system model has been developed for the prediction of the intrinsic mechanical properties of various cellulosic natural fibers to enhance their selection for better green composite materials. The model combined modeling function of the fuzzy inference system with the learning capability of the artificial neural network. The developed model was built up based on experimental mechanical properties of various cellulosic fiber types commonly used for natural fiber reinforced composites, and the rules have been generated directly from the experimental data. The developed model was capable of predicting all of Young's modulus, ultimate tensile strength, and elongation at break properties from only two intrinsic properties of fibers namely; cellulose and moisture content. The adaptive neural fuzzy inference system (ANFIS) structure included five layers to realize the establishment and calculation of each model. The system architecture included the fuzzy input layer, product layer, normalized layer, de-fuzzy layer and total output layer. Results have been revealed that the model’s predictions were highly in agreement with other experimentally gained properties when compared with experimental results for verifying the approach. The accuracy of the developed model would enhance predicting other cellulosic fiber properties to develop better natural fiber composites in the near future.

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Correspondence to Faris M. AL-Oqla.

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AL-Oqla, F.M., Al-Jarrah, R. A novel adaptive neuro-fuzzy inference system model to predict the intrinsic mechanical properties of various cellulosic fibers for better green composites. Cellulose 28, 8541–8552 (2021). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10570-021-04077-1

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