Skip to main content
Log in

Industrial application of orange tree nanocellulose as papermaking reinforcement agent

  • Original Research
  • Published:
Cellulose Aims and scope Submit manuscript

Abstract

The aim of this work was to study the feasibility of using orange tree pruning to obtain lignocellulose nanofibers (LCNFs) and their application in paperboard recycling process. The orange tree pruning was treated with an environmentally friendly process (13% NaOH on dry matter, at liquid/solid ratio of 8, 170 °C and 40 min). The cellulosic pulp obtained was used for the isolation of LCNFs by means of two different pretreatments, 2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidine-1-oxyl (TEMPO)-mediated (TO-LCNFs) and mechanical refining (Mec-LCNFs), followed by high-pressure homogenization treatment. The reinforcement effect produced by the LCNF addition on paperboard recycled fiber was compared with other conventional industrial techniques such as chemical addition and mechanical beating. It was shown that TEMPO-mediated oxidation produces a greater delamination in fiber during its nanofibrillation, obtaining smaller width nanofibers with greater specific surface. The LCNF addition, especially TO-LCNFs, presents reinforcement effects comparable to those achieved by mechanical beating for the different mechanical properties, with the advantage of not modifying the fiber physically and increasing the numbers of recycling cycles. The economic analysis of both treatments shows that despite the Mec-LCNF cost is slightly higher, it is presented as an alternative to mechanical beating for use in paperboard recycling process.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in via an institution to check access.

Access this article

Subscribe and save

Springer+ Basic
EUR 32.99 /Month
  • Get 10 units per month
  • Download Article/Chapter or Ebook
  • 1 Unit = 1 Article or 1 Chapter
  • Cancel anytime
Subscribe now

Buy Now

Price excludes VAT (USA)
Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout.

Instant access to the full article PDF.

Fig. 1
Fig. 2
Fig. 3
Fig. 4

Similar content being viewed by others

References

Download references

Acknowledgments

The authors are grateful to Spain’s DGICyT, MICINN for funding this research within the framework of the Projects CTQ2016-78729-R and supported by the Spanish Ministry of Science and Education through the National Program FPU (Grant Number FPU14/02278), to the staff of the Central Service for Research Support (SCAI) at the University of Córdoba, and also to Smurfit Kappa Container S.L.

Author information

Authors and Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Alejandro Rodríguez.

Additional information

Publisher's Note

Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.

Electronic supplementary material

Below is the link to the electronic supplementary material.

Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 57 kb)

Rights and permissions

Reprints and permissions

About this article

Check for updates. Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Espinosa, E., Arrebola, R.I., Bascón-Villegas, I. et al. Industrial application of orange tree nanocellulose as papermaking reinforcement agent. Cellulose 27, 10781–10797 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10570-020-03353-w

Download citation

  • Received:

  • Accepted:

  • Published:

  • Issue Date:

  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10570-020-03353-w

Keywords

Navigation