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Development and characterization of eco-sustainable banana fiber nonwoven material: surface treatment, water absorbency and mechanical properties

Abstract

In this study, four types of ecofriendly non-woven materials were developed from different parts of bark and leaf of banana plant i.e. outer bark, middle bark, inner bark (IB) and mid rib (MR) by wet laid web formation. Fibers were extracted chemically by treating with NaOH from all the parts. Due to the very high absorbency of banana fiber, the prepared non-wovens were treated with water repellent (WR) chemical for improving their hydrophobicity. The effects of WR on the physical, mechanical and morphological properties of the non-wovens were also investigated. The hydrophobicities of all the nonwovens were improved remarkably with the concentration of WR. It took 1.25, 2.69, 4.20 and 4.67 h to absorb a drop of water for OB nonwovens at a concentration of 1%, 5%, 10% and 20% WR respectively where, all the untreated nonwovens took almost zero seconds. Just like OB, all other nonwovens followed exactly the same trend. OB nonwoven exhibited the highest tensile strength (TS), Elongation-at-break (EB) and young‘s modulus (YM) of 8.56 Mpa, 12.56% and 215 Mpa respectively where, IB showed the lowest TS and YM of 1.23 and 67 Mpa respectively and MR showed the lowest EB of 1.77%. Although there were no remarkable effects of WR on tensile properties nevertheless, TS and YM were increased but EB was decreased to a small extent with the concentration of WR. The chemical bonding, morphology of the fiber and nonwovens were also investigated by FTIR and SEM analysis.

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The authors clarify that the plant samples were collected with appropriate permissions from the authorities of the farm.

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Correspondence to K. Z. M. Abdul Motaleb.

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Motaleb, K.Z.M.A., Mizan, R.A. & Milašius, R. Development and characterization of eco-sustainable banana fiber nonwoven material: surface treatment, water absorbency and mechanical properties. Cellulose 27, 7889–7900 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10570-020-03343-y

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Keywords

  • Banana fiber
  • Wet-laid nonwoven
  • Surface treatment
  • Water absorbency
  • Mechanical properties