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Highly reversible photochromism in composite WO3/nanocellulose films

  • O. L. Evdokimova
  • T. V. Kusova
  • O. S. Ivanova
  • A. B. Shcherbakov
  • Kh. E. Yorov
  • A. E. Baranchikov
  • A. V. AgafonovEmail author
  • V. K. Ivanov
Original Research
  • 52 Downloads

Abstract

Reversible photochromic hybrid organic–inorganic films containing nanocrystalline cellulose as a matrix and tungsten oxide as a photochromic component (CNC/WO3) were obtained via a simple and quick solvent casting method. The films were studied by scanning electron microscopy, together with element mapping, FT-IR spectroscopy and X-ray diffraction, confirming successful incorporation of WO3 nanoparticles into a nanocellulose matrix. Thermal analysis data indicated that the modification of a nanocellulose matrix with WO3 increases its thermal stability. The CNC/WO3 films showed a quick coloration-bleaching transition with good reversibility within 20 min, without notable degradation of photochromic properties after 10 cycles. The synthetic method proposed allows for scalable preparation of highly efficient low-cost WO3-based photochromic materials.

Graphic abstract

Keywords

Nanocellulose Tungsten oxide Composite Photochromism Film 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The work was supported by the Russian Science Foundation (Grant No. 18-73-10150). The electron microscopy and energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy measurements were performed using shared experimental facilities supported by IGIC RAS state assignment.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflicts of interest

There are no conflicts of interest to declare.

Supplementary material

10570_2019_2716_MOESM1_ESM.docx (285 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 285 kb)

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Krestov Institute of Solution Chemistry of the Russian Academy of SciencesIvanovoRussia
  2. 2.Kurnakov Institute of General and Inorganic Chemistry of the Russian Academy of SciencesMoscowRussia
  3. 3.Zabolotny Institute of Microbiology and Virology of the National Academy of SciencesKievUkraine
  4. 4.Lomonosov Moscow State UniversityMoscowRussia
  5. 5.National Research Tomsk State UniversityTomskRussia

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