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Recent progress in bio-based aerogel absorbents for oil/water separation

Abstract

Crude oil leakage from tankers, offshore platforms, drilling rigs and wells, causing severe pollution to the environment has led to irreversible damage to ocean habitat and inhabitants. It has become one of the greatest global environmental concerns which has recently attracted major public awareness. In addition, the contamination of sea and inhabitants. It has significantly harmed the fishing and seafood industry, and even raises health and life issues for millions of human beings. Until now, there is still no viable and practical method to effectively reduce the damage from crude oil spill. This has attracted numerous researchers’ attention. For developing an environmentally friendly and cost-effective polymer absorbent for oil spill cleaning. Recently, among all the efforts, it is proven that biomass aerogel can be used as an outstanding absorbent for oil–water separation, which is a feasible solution for tackling the crude oil issue. In this article, a comprehensive review on the current state-of-art for biomass-based aerogels utilised in the field of oil/water separation is provided. This includes the preparation procedures, fabrication processes, and the categorisation of various types of aerogels. Additionally, the future direction and technological advancement will be discussed in detail.

Graphic abstract

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Acknowledgments

The work was financially supported by National Natural Science Foundation of China (51403048 and 51276054), Talent Scientific Research Foundation of Hefei University (16-17RC07) and Australian Research Council Industrial Training Transformation Centre (ARC IC170100032).

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Yang, WJ., Yuen, A.C.Y., Li, A. et al. Recent progress in bio-based aerogel absorbents for oil/water separation. Cellulose 26, 6449–6476 (2019). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10570-019-02559-x

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Keywords

  • Bio-based aerogel
  • Carbon-based aerogel
  • Oil/water separation
  • Cellulose
  • Chitosan