, Volume 26, Issue 6, pp 3987–4004 | Cite as

Synthesis, microstructure transformations, and long-distance inductive effect of poly(acrylethyltrimethylammonium chloride) cotton with super-high adsorption ability for purifying dyeing wastewater

  • Chunli Song
  • Hongyan Li
  • Yikai YuEmail author
Original Research


A new poly(acrylethyltrimethylammonium chloride) cotton with flexible long-chain cations was prepared by surface polymerization of acrylethyltrimethylammonium chloride and grafting cotton with unsaturated bonds at 50 °C for 1.5 h. A series of microstructure transformations of poly(acrylethyltrimethylammonium chloride) cotton adsorption were first observed by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, and X-ray diffraction technologies. It was discovered that a long-distance flexible inductive effect occurred during poly(acrylethyltrimethylammonium chloride) cotton adsorption, causing a highly efficient purification ability for treating dyeing wastewater. The adsorption capacity of poly(acrylethyltrimethylammonium chloride) cotton was 292.18 and 2702.70 times higher than that of the widely used activated carbon and common natural cotton, respectively. In addition, poly(acrylethyltrimethylammonium chloride) cotton achieved the relatively good recyclability with a desorption technology and it was the first realization of self-purification of the desorption waste solution in a recycling application to avoid secondary pollution.

Graphical abstract


Super-high adsorption capacity Cotton adsorbent Microstructure transformation Long-distance induction Flexible induction Dyeing wastewater Self-purification 



This work was financially supported by the National Nature Science Foundation of China (Project No. 21866016).


  1. Agbovi HK, Wilson LD, Tabil LG (2017) Biopolymer flocculants ad oat hull biomass to aid the removal of orthophosphate in wastewater treatment. Ind Eng Chem Res 56:37–46CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. An AK, Guo J, Jeong S, Lee EJ, Tabatabai AA, Leiknes T (2016) High flux and antifouling properties of negatively charged membrane for dyeing wastewater treatment by membrane distillation. Water Res 103:362–371CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Ansari F, Ghaedi M, Taghdiri G, Asfaram A (2016) Application of ZnO nanorods looaded on activated carbon for ultrasonic assisted dyes removal: experimental design and derivative spectrophotometry method. Ultrason Sonochem 33:197–209CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Aschermann G, Zietzschmann F, Jekel M (2018) Influence of dissolved organic matter and activated carbon pore characteristics on organic micropollutant desorption. Water Res 133:123–131CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Chaudhary S, Kaur Y, Kumar A, Chaudhary GR (2016) Ionic liquid and surfactant functionalized ZnO nanoadsorbent for recyclable proficient adsorption of toxic dyes from waste water. J Mol Liq 224:1294–1304CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Goel NK, Kumar V, Misra N, Varshney L (2015) Cellulose based cationic adsorbent fabricated via radication grafting process for treatment of dyes waste water. Carbohyd Polym 132:444–451CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Gupta VK, Gupta B, Rastogi A, Agarwal S, Nayak A (2011) Pesticides removal from waste water by activated carbon prepared from waste rubber tire. Water Res 45:4047–4055CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Hadi P, To MH, Hui CW, Lin CZ, Mckay G (2015) Aqueous mercury adsorption by adsorption by activated carbon. Water Res 73:37–55CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Jia Q, Song C, Li H, Huang Y, Liu L, Yu Y (2017) Construction of polycationic film coated cotton and new inductive effect to remove water-soluble dyes in water. Mater Des 124:1–15CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Kumar THV, Sivasankar V, Fayoud N, Oualid HA, Sundramoothy AK (2018) Synthesis and characterization of coral-like hierarchical MgO in incorporated fly ash composite for the effective adsorption of azo dye from aqueous solution. Appl Surf Sci 449:719–728CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Li D, Li Q, Bai N, Dong H, Mao D (2017) One-step synthesis of cationic hydrogel for efficient dye adsorption and its second use for emulsified oil separation. ACS Sustain Chem Eng 5:5598–5607CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Lompe KM, Menard D, Barbeau B (2016) Performance of biological magnetic powdered activated carbon for drinking water purification. Water Res 96:42–51CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Lu S, Tang Z, Li W, Ouyang X, Cao S, Chen L, Huang L, Wu H, Ni Y (2018) Diallyl dimethyl ammonium chloride-grafted cellulose filter membrane via ATRP for selective removal of anionic dye. Cellulose 25:7261–7275CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Mccleaf P, Englund S, Ostlund A, Lindegren K, Wiberg K, Ahrens L (2015) Removal efficiency of multiple poly- and perfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs) in drinking water using granular activated carbon (GAC) and anionic exchange (AE) column tests. Water Res 73:37–55CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Natarajan S, Bajaj HC, Tayade RJ (2018) Recent advances based on the synergetic effect of adsorption for removal of dyes from waste water using photocatalytic process. Water Res 65:201–222Google Scholar
  16. Samaneh SS, Saeed SS, Hamed JY, Mojdeh M (2017) Adsorption of anionic and cationic dyes from aqueous solution using gelatin-based magnetic nanocomposite beads comprising carboxylic acid functionalized ultrathin membranes. Chem Eng J 308:1133–1144CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Shao Y, Ren B, Jiang H, Zhou B, Lv L, Ren J, Dong L, Li J, Liu Z (2017) Dual-porosity Mn2O3 cubes for highly efficient dye adsorption. J Hazardous Mater 333:222–231CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Song C, Zhao J, Li H, Liu L, Li X, Huang X, Liu H, Yu Y (2018) One-pot synthesis and combined use of modified cotton adsorbent and flocculant for purifying dyeing wastewater. ACS Sustain Chem Eng 65:6876–6888CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Song C, Yu Y, Sang X (2019) Synthesis and surface gel-adsorption effect of multidimensional cross-linking cationic cotton for enhancing purification of dyeing waste-water. J Chem Technol Biotechnol 94:120–127CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Suresh P, Vijaya JJ, Kennedy LJ (2014) Photocatalytic degradation of textile-dyeing wastewater by using a microwave combustion-synthesized zirconium oxide supported activated carbon. Mater Sci Semicond Process 27:482–493CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Toprak T, Anis P (2017) Textile industry environmental effects and approaching cleaner production and sustainability: an overview. J Textile Eng Fashion Technol 2:1–16CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Toprak T, Anis P, Kutlu E, Kara A (2018) Effect of chemical modification with 4-vinylpyridine on dyeing of cotton fabric with reactive dyestuff. Cellulose 25:6793–6809CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Wang L, Ma W, Zhang S, Teng X, Yang J (2009) Preparation of cationic cotton with two-bath pad-bake process and its application in salt-free dyeing. Carbohyd Polym 79:602–608CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Wang CT, Chou WL, Chung MH, Kuo YM (2010) COD removal from real dyeing wastewater by electro-Fenton technology using an activated carbon fiber cathode. Desalination 253:129–134CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Zereshki S, Daraei P, Shokri A (2018) Application of edible paraffin oil for the cationic dye removal from water using emulsion liquid membrane. J Hazard Mater 356:1–8CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Zhang Y, Ma X, Xu H, Shi Z, Yin J, Jiang X (2016) Selective adsorption and separation through molecular filtration by hyperbranched poly(ether amine)/carbon nanotube ultrathin membranes. Langmuir 32:13073–13083CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Zhang D, Thundat T, Narain R (2017) Flocculation and dewatering of mature fine tailing using temperature-responsive cationic polymers. Langmuir 33:5900–5909CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.College of Chemistry and Chemical EngineeringJiangxi Normal UniversityNanchangChina
  2. 2.Key Laboratory of Chemical Biology of Jiangxi ProvinceNanchangChina

Personalised recommendations